Herpes, labial
A small sore situated on the face or in the mouth that causes pain, burning, or itching before bursting and crusting over. The favorite locations are on the lips (the labia), chin or cheeks and in the nostrils. Less frequented sites are the gums or roof of the mouth (the palate). Labial herpes is also called fever blisters or cold sores. It is caused by herpes simplex virus type 1. The virus lies latent (dormant) in the body and is reawakened (reactivated) by factors such as stress, sunburn, or fever from a wide range of infectious diseases including colds. Recurrences are less common after age 35. Sunscreen (SPF 15 or more) on the lips prevents recurrences of herpes from sunburn. The virus is highly contagious when fever blisters are present. It is spread by kissing. Children become infected by contact with someone who has a fever blister and then they spread the virus by rubbing their cold sore and touching other children. A person with fever blisters should be careful not to touch the blisters and spread the virus to new sites, such as the eyes or genitals. There is no cure for fever blisters. Medications that can relieve some of the pain and discomfort include ointments that numb the blisters, antibiotics that control secondary bacterial infections, and ointments that soften the crests of the sores. Acyclovir, an antiviral drug, prevents the herpes simplex virus from multiplying and, in pill form, has been reported to reduce the symptoms and frequency of recurrence. Fever blisters have plagued people for thousands of years. In ancient Rome, an epidemic of fever blisters prompted Emperor Tiberius to ban kissing in public ceremonies. Today, fever blisters still occur in epidemic proportions. About 100 million episodes of recurrent fever blisters occur yearly in the United States alone.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herpès labial — Herpès Pour les articles homonymes, voir HSV et Herpès (homonymie). Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Herpes. L infection herpétique est une maladie virale chronique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • herpes labial — Véase herpes simple. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Herpes simplex — Herpès Pour les articles homonymes, voir HSV et Herpès (homonymie). Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Herpes. L infection herpétique est une maladie virale chronique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herpes simplex virus — Herpès Pour les articles homonymes, voir HSV et Herpès (homonymie). Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Herpes. L infection herpétique est une maladie virale chronique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herpès buccal — Herpès Pour les articles homonymes, voir HSV et Herpès (homonymie). Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Herpes. L infection herpétique est une maladie virale chronique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • herpes simple — m. dermat. Afección inflamatoria de la piel caracterizada por la aparición de grupos de vesículas que se vuelven costrosas y que se sitúan preferentemente en la periferia de los labios, la región genital y/o anal). Dichas formaciones tienen… …   Diccionario médico

  • labial — adjetivo 1. De los labios: pintura labial, barra labial. herpes labial. adjetivo,sustantivo femenino 1. Área: fonética [Consonante] que se articula con los labios en una po …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • herpes — o herpe (plural herpes) sustantivo masculino 1. Área: medicina Erupción cutánea con dolor y picazón causada por un virus. herpes facial. herpes genital. herpes labial …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Herpès — Pour les articles homonymes, voir HSV et Herpès (homonymie). Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Herpes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herpès génital — Virus Herpes Simplex …   Wikipédia en Français

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