Hip fracture
Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened by osteoporosis. The part of the hip most often broken is the greater trochanter (the knobby end) of the femur (the thigh bone). In older people the leading risk factors for falls and, hence, for hip fractures include weakness; gait and balance disorders; functional, visual or cognitive impairment; and the side effects of drugs; together with the presence of hazards in the environment such as icy pavements or objects on the floor. More than 300,000 people 65 years old or older are hospitalized yearly because of hip fractures in the US. About a quarter survive for less than a year because of the fracture or its complications and most of those who survive have substantial reductions in in their ability to walk and their ability to function in daily life. Exercise programs and inspection and control of hazards in the living environment significantly reduce the incidence of falls. Osteoporosis can be treated (with a variety of medications, such as estrogen, calcium, vitamin D, and bisphosphonates). The use of impact-absorbing hip protectors for those at high risk for hip fractures appears to be dramatically helpful. Hip pads can eliminate up to 84% of hip fractures, according to a report in The New England Journal of Medicine. This has been called "a breakthrough in fracture prevention." References: {{}}Kannus P et al. Prevention of Hip Fracture in Elderly People with Use of a Hip Protector. N Engl J Med 2000;343:1506-13. Rubinstein L. Hip Protectors — A Breakthrough in Fracture Prevention. N Engl J Med 2000;343:1562-63.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Hip fracture — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Hip fracture ICD10 = ICD10|S|72|0|s|70 ICD9 = ICD9|820 A hip fracture is a fracture in the proximal end of the femur (the long bone running through the thigh), near the hip joint.The term hip fracture is commonly… …   Wikipedia

  • Hip fracture treatment — Hip fractures are treated in one of two ways: Traction or orthopedic surgery.Non operative treatmentIf operative treatment is refused or the risks of surgery are considered to be too high the main emphasis of treatment is on pain relief. Skeletal …   Wikipedia

  • Hip replacement — Hip replacement, also hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Such joint replacement orthopaedic surgery generally is conducted to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical joint… …   Wikipedia

  • Hip bone — Left hip joint, opened by removing the floor of the acetabulum from within the pelvis. Plan …   Wikipedia

  • Hip protector — A hip protector is a specialized form of pants or underwear containing pads (either hard or soft) along the outside of each hip/leg, designed to prevent hip fractures following a fall. They are most commonly used in elderly individuals who have a …   Wikipedia

  • Fracture du col du fémur — Les fractures du col du fémur désignent dans le langage commun toutes les fractures de l extrémité supérieure du fémur. Sommaire 1 Incidence 2 Anatomie 3 Cliniquement 4 Prise en charge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fracture — 01. He fell and [fractured] his skull while skateboarding. 02. The old woman suffered a hip [fracture] when she fell getting out of bed. 03. My sister [fractured] my father s rib when she ran into him while playing squash. 04. The coalition has… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • fracture — [[t]fræ̱ktʃə(r)[/t]] fractures, fracturing, fractured 1) N COUNT A fracture is a slight crack or break in something, especially a bone. At least one third of all women over ninety have sustained a hip fracture. 2) V ERG If something such as a… …   English dictionary

  • Hip — Hip, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Hipped}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Hipping}.] 1. To dislocate or sprain the hip of, to fracture or injure the hip bone of (a quadruped) in such a manner as to produce a permanent depression of that side. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hip — For other uses of the term, see hip (disambiguation). Hip (anatomy) Bones of the hip Latin coxa Gray s …   Wikipedia

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