Humor
In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors ran through an ancient theory that held that health came from balance between the bodily liquids. These liquids were termed humors. Disease arose when there was imbalance between these humors. The humors were: {{}}Phlegm (water) Blood Gall (black bile thought to be secreted by the kidneys and spleen) Choler (yellow bile secreted by the liver) This theory (which was variously called the humoral theory, humoralism, and humorism) was devised well before Hippocrates (c.460-c.375 BC). It was not definitively demolished until Rudolf Virchow published his formative book, Cellularpathologie, in 1858 that laid out the cellular basis of pathology. Present day pathology rests on a cellular and molecular foundation. The humors have been dispelled, except for the aqueous humor and vitreous humor of the eye.
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1. [NA] Any clear fluid or semifluid hyaline anatomic substance. 2. One of the elemental body fluids that were the basis of the physiologic and pathologic teachings of the hippocratic school : blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. SEE ALSO: humoral doctrine. [L. correctly, umor, liquid]
- aqueous h. [TA] the watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. It is secreted by the ciliary processes within the posterior chambers and passes through the the pupil into the anterior chamber where it filters through the trabecular meshwork and is reabsorbed into the venous system at the iridocorneal angle by way of the sinus venosus of the sclera; SYN: h. aquosus [TA], intraocular fluid.
- h. aquosus [TA] SYN: aqueous h..
- Morgagni h. SYN: Morgagni liquor.
- ocular h. one of the two humors of the eye: aqueous and vitreous.
- peccant humors based on the historic humoral theory of disease, such humors or deranged fluids in the body were regarded as the direct causes of various illnesses.
- vitreous h. [TA] the fluid component of the vitreous body, with which it is often erroneausly equated. SYN: h. vitreus [TA].
- h. vitreus [TA] SYN: vitreous h..

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hu·mor or chiefly Brit hu·mour 'hyü-mər, 'yü- n
1 a) a normal functioning bodily semifluid or fluid (as the blood or lymph)
b) a secretion (as a hormone) that is an excitant of activity
2) in ancient and medieval physiology a fluid or juice of an animal or plant specif one of the four fluids that were believed to enter into the constitution of the body and to determine by their relative proportions a person's health and temperament see BLACK BILE, BLOOD (3), PHLEGM (1), YELLOW BILE

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hu·mor (huґmər) pl. humors, humoґres [L. “a liquid”] 1. a fluid or semifluid substance; used in anatomical nomenclature to designate certain fluid materials in the body. 2. one of the four hypothetical fluids of humoralism.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Humor — ist: mit einer Träne im Auge lächelnd dem Leben beipflichten. «Friedl Beutelrock» * Humor ist, wenn man trotzdem lacht. «Otto Julius Bierbaum [1865 1910]; dt. Schriftsteller» Humor ist keine Gabe des Geistes, er ist eine Gabe des Herzens. «Ludwig …   Zitate - Herkunft und Themen

  • humor — (Del lat. humor, ōris). 1. m. Genio, índole, condición, especialmente cuando se manifiesta exteriormente. 2. Jovialidad, agudeza. Hombre de humor. 3. Disposición en que alguien se halla para hacer algo. 4. Buena disposición para hacer algo. ¡Qué… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Humor — Hu mor, n. [OE. humour, OF. humor, umor, F. humeur, L. humor, umor, moisture, fluid, fr. humere, umere, to be moist. See {Humid}.] [Written also {humour}.] 1. Moisture, especially, the moisture or fluid of animal bodies, as the chyle, lymph,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • humor — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Estado de ánimo: Veamos qué humor tiene hoy. buen humor. mal humor. 2. (no contable) Disposición para hacer o emprender una cosa: No está de humor para ir al cine. 3. (no contable) Capacidad para descubrir y… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • humor — (Brit. humour) ► NOUN 1) the quality of being amusing or comic. 2) a state of mind: her good humor vanished. 3) (also cardinal humor) historical each of four fluids of the body (blood, phlegm, yellow bile or choler, and black bile or melancholy) …   English terms dictionary

  • Humor — Sm std. (16. Jh., Bedeutung 18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Zunächst aus l. hūmor entlehnt, das eigentlich Feuchtigkeit bedeutet, aber in der mittelalterlichen Medizin auch die Körpersäfte umfaßt, deren Mischung die Temperamente (cholerisch, phlegmatisch,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • humor — 1. buen humor. ‘Actitud alegre y complaciente’: «Al ver su buen humor, me atreví a hacerle preguntas sobre su trabajo» (VLlosa Tía [Perú 1977]); «Está de muy buen humor» (MtzPisón Ternura [Esp. 1985]). A diferencia de la locución antónima mal… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • humor — |ô| s. m. 1. Qualquer fluido líquido contido nos corpos organizados. 2.  [Medicina] Humor viciado. 3. Pus, matéria. 4. Serosidade. 5. Licor. 6. Umidade. 7.  [Figurado] Disposição de ânimo. 8. Temperamento, índole. 9. Mordacidade chistosa; ironia… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • humor — m. fisiol. Cualquiera de los líquidos del interior de un cuerpo. Medical Dictionary. 2011. humor Término general para los líquidos o semil …   Diccionario médico

  • humor — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. humororze, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} dyspozycja psychiczna polegająca na umiejętności zauważania zabawnych stron życia i traktowania ich z pobłażliwością i… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Humor — Hu mor, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Humored}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Humoring}.] 1. To comply with the humor of; to adjust matters so as suit the peculiarities, caprices, or exigencies of; to adapt one s self to; to indulge by skillful adaptation; as, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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