Humoralism
In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors were part of an ancient theory that held that health came from balance between the bodily liquids. These liquids were termed humors. Disease arose when imbalance occurred between the humors. The humors were: {{}}Phlegm (water) Blood Gall (black bile thought to be secreted by the kidneys and spleen) Choler (yellow bile secreted by the liver) The humoral theory (also called humorism) was devised well before Hippocrates (c.460-c.375 BC). It was not definitively demolished until Rudolf Virchow published his formative book, Cellularpathologie, in 1858 that laid out the cellular basis of pathology. Pathology now rests on a cellular and molecular foundation. The humors have been dispelled, except for the aqueous humor (and its ilk).

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hu·mor·al·ism (huґmər-əl-iz″əm) the ancient theory that health and illness result from a balance or imbalance of bodily liquids (“humors”). The theory is especially associated with Hippocratic writers, but it long antedates Hippocrates. The four humors and associated qualities are phlegm (cold and moist), blood (hot and moist), black bile or gall (secreted from the kidneys and spleen, cold and dry), and yellow bile or choler (secreted from the liver, hot and dry). Elements of humoralism may be seen in traditional systems such as curanderismo.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Humoralism — Hu mor*al*ism, n. 1. (Med.) The state or quality of being humoral. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) The doctrine that diseases proceed from the humors; humorism. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • humoralism — hūˈmoralism noun 1. The state of being humoral 2. The old doctrine that diseases have their seat in the humours • • • Main Entry: ↑humour …   Useful english dictionary

  • humoralism, humorism — SYN: humoral doctrine. [L. umor, humor, moisture] …   Medical dictionary

  • Humorism — Humorism, or humoralism, was a theory of the makeup and workings of the human body adopted by Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers. From Hippocrates onward, the humoral theory was adopted by Greek, Roman and Islamic physicians, and became… …   Wikipedia

  • Humor — In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors ran through an ancient theory that held that health came from balance… …   Medical dictionary

  • Humoral — Pertaining to elements in the blood or other body fluids. In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors were part of an… …   Medical dictionary

  • Humoralist — Hu mor*al*ist, n. One who favors the humoral pathology or believes in humoralism. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Cacochymy — In the pre modern medical practice of humoralism, cacochymy, or cacochymia, referred to a depraved habit of body, replete with ill humors, from various causes. When the repletion was merely with blood, it was called plethora.Joannis Gorraeus gave …   Wikipedia

  • Humoralmedizin — Albrecht Dürer: Die vier Apostel, eine Darstellung der vier Temperamente Die naturwissenschaftlich als veraltet geltende, jedoch von den Geisteswissenschaften und von der rationalen Psychologie als aufschlussreich beurteilte Humoralpathologie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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