Hygiene
The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. From the name of Hygeia, the daughter of Asklepios, the Greek god of medicine (whose staff with entwined snake is the symbol of medicine). Asklepios (known to the Romans as Aesculapius) had a number of children including not only Hygeia but also Panaceia, the patroness of clinical medicine. Hygeia also followed her father into medicine. As the patroness of health, Hygeia was charged with providing a healthy environment to prevent illness. In Greek, "hygieia" means health.
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1. The science of health and its maintenance. 2. Cleanliness that promotes health and well being, especially of a personal nature. [G. hygieinos, healthful, fr. hygies, healthy]
- criminal h. obsolete term for the branch of mental h. or penology devoted to the study of the causes and prevention of criminality and the treatment of criminals.
- industrial h. practices adopted by an industrial concern to minimize occupation-related disease and/or injury.
- mental h. the science and practice of maintaining and restoring mental health; a branch of early twentieth century psychiatry that has become an interdisciplinary field including subspecialties in psychology, nursing, social work, law, and other professions.
- oral h. the cleaning of the mouth by means of brushing, flossing, irrigating, massaging, or the use of other devices. SEE ALSO: oral physiotherapy.

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hy·giene 'hī-.jēnalso hī-' n
1) a science of the establishment and maintenance of health see industrial hygiene, MENTAL HYGIENE
2) conditions or practices (as of cleanliness) conducive to health

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n.
the science of health and the study of ways of preserving it, particularly by promoting cleanliness.

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hy·giene (hiґjēn) [Gr. hygieia health] the science of health and of its preservation.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Hygiene — Hygiene …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • HYGIÈNE — L’hygiène est classiquement la science qui enseigne les mesures propres à conserver la santé, et elle a été pratiquée par tous les peuples, qu’il s’agisse des civilisations primitives ou encore des civilisations dites modernes; pourtant, il y a… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hygiene — refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness. Such practices vary widely and what is considered acceptable in one culture may be unacceptable in another. In medical contexts, the term hygiene refers to the maintenance… …   Wikipedia

  • Hygiene — Hygiène L apprentissage de la toilette est un des éléments de l éducation à l hygiène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hygiene — hy‧giene [ˈhaɪdʒiːn] noun [uncountable] the practice of preventing illness or stopping it from spreading by keeping things clean: • The layout of the kitchen does not conform to food hygiene regulations. inˌdustrial ˈhygiene HUMAN RESOURCES the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Hygiene — Sf erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Zuerst im Französischen aus gr. hygieiná Gesundheit entlehnt, n. Pl. des Adjektivs gr. hygieinós heilsam, der Gesundheit dienlich , dieses ist eine Ableitung von gr. hygieía Gesundheit , zu gr. hygiḗs gesund,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Hygiene. — Hygiene.   Unter dem Begriff Hygiene fasst man alle privaten und öffentlichen Maßnahmen zusammen, die der Aufrechterhaltung der körperlichen und der seelisch geistigen Gesundheit und ihrer natürlichen und gesellschaftlichen Voraussetzungen dienen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • hygiene — [hī′jēn΄, hī jēn′] n. [Fr hygiène < Gr hygieinē ( technē), (art) of health < hygiēs, healthy, sound < IE * su gwiyēs, living well < base * su , well ( > Sans su , well) + base * gwei , to live > Gr bios, life, L vivus, living] 1 …   English World dictionary

  • hygiene — 1670s, from Fr. hygiène, ultimately from Gk. hygieine techne the healthful art, from hygies healthy, lit. living well (personified as the goddess Hygieia), from PIE *eyu gwie es having a vigorous life. The Greek adjective was used by Aristotle as …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hygiene — Hy gi*ene, n. [F. hygi[ e]ne. See {Hygeia}.] That department of sanitary science which treats of the preservation of health, esp. of households and communities; a system of principles or rules designated for the promotion of health. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hygiēne — (Hygieine, griech.), soviel wie Gesundheitspflege (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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