Hypercalcemia
A higher-than-normal level of calcium in the blood. This can cause a number of nonspecific symptoms, including loss of appetite, nausea, thirst, fatigue, muscle weakness, restlessness, and confusion. Excessive intake of calcium may cause muscle weakness and constipation, affect the conduction of electrical impulses in the heart (heart block) lead to calcium stones (nephrocalcinosis), in the urinary tract, impair kidney function, and interfere with the absorption of iron predisposing to iron deficiency. According to the National Academy of Sciences, adequate intake of calcium is 1 gram daily for both men and women. The upper limit for calcium intake is 2.5 grams daily.
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An abnormally high concentration of calcium compounds in the circulating blood; commonly used to indicate an elevated concentration of calcium ions in the blood.
- humoral h. of benignancy h. induced by parathyroid hormonelike protein of benign tumor.
- idiopathic h. of infants persistent h. of unknown cause in very young children, associated with osteosclerosis, renal insufficiency, and sometimes hypertension; also may be associated with supravalvular aortic stenosis, elfin facies, and mental retardation.

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hy·per·cal·ce·mia or chiefly Brit hy·per·cal·cae·mia .hī-pər-.kal-'sē-mē-ə n the presence of an excess of calcium in the blood
hy·per·cal·ce·mic or chiefly Brit hy·per·cal·cae·mic -'sē-mik adj

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hy·per·cal·ce·mia (hi″pər-kal-seґme-ə) [hyper- + calci- + -emia] an excess of calcium in the blood; manifestations include fatigability, muscle weakness, depression, anorexia, nausea, and constipation. Called also calcemia and hypercalcinemia.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hypercalcemia — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1925 an excess of calcium in the blood • hypercalcemic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hypercalcemia — /huy peuhr kal see mee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally large amount of calcium in the blood. Also, hypercalcaemia. [1920 25; < NL; see HYPER , CALC , EMIA] * * * …   Universalium

  • hypercalcemia — noun The presence of an unusually high concentration of calcium in the blood …   Wiktionary

  • hypercalcemia — n. abnormally high level of calcium in the blood (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hypercalcemia — hy·per·cal·ce·mia …   English syllables

  • hypercalcemia — hy•per•cal•ce•mi•a [[t]ˌhaɪ pər kælˈsi mi ə[/t]] n. pat an abnormally large amount of calcium in the blood • Etymology: 1920–25; hyper +calc + emia …   From formal English to slang

  • hypercalcemia — Abnormally high blood calcium …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • hypercalcemia — noun the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget s disease • Syn: ↑hypercalcaemia • Ant: ↑hypocalcemia • Hypernyms: ↑symptom * * * /huy peuhr kal… …   Useful english dictionary

  • hypercalcemia of malignancy — osteolytic hypercalcemia abnormal elevation of serum calcium associated with malignant tumors, resulting from osteolysis caused by bone metastases or by the action of circulating osteoclast activating factors released from tumor cells …   Medical dictionary

  • hypercalcemia syndrome — milk alkali s …   Medical dictionary

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