Anemia, aplastic
Anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelets. Aplastic anemia frequently occurs without a known cause. Causes of aplastic include chemicals (benzene, toluene in glues, insecticides, solvents), drugs (chemotherapy, gold, seizure medications, antibiotics, and others), viruses (HIV, Epstein-Barr), radiation, immune conditions (systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis), pregnancy, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and inherited disorders (Fanconi's anemia). Symptoms of aplastic anemia depend upon the severity. Symptoms include fatigue, bruising, bleeding, shortness of breath, fever, chills, and less frequently, bone pain. The diagnosis of aplastic anemia is based on the presence of low red and white blood cell and platelet counts and a decrease in the normal cells of the bone marrow.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Aplastic anemia — Anemia due to failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelets. Aplastic anemia frequently occurs without a known cause. Causes of aplastic include chemicals (benzene, toluene in glues,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Aplastic anemia — A*plas tic a*ne mi*a, n. [from {aplasia[2]}.] (Med.) an anemia characterized by substantial reduction or cessation of production of red blood cells and hemoglobin by the bone marrow. Stedman Syn: Ehrlich s anemia; anemia gravis. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aplastic anemia — [ā plas′tik] n. [< ModL aplasia, incomplete development (see A 2 & PLASIA) + IC] a form of anemia resulting from a failure of the bone marrow to produce adequate quantities of the essential blood components, including leukocytes and platelets …   English World dictionary

  • Aplastic anemia — ICDO = Caption = OMIM = 609135 OMIM mult = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 162 DiseasesDB = 866 MeshID = D000741 Aplastic anemia is a condition where bone marrow does not produce sufficient new cells to replenish blood cells.… …   Wikipedia

  • Anemia — The condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. Persons with anemia may feel tired and fatigue …   Medical dictionary

  • Anemia — For other uses, see Anemia (disambiguation). Anemia Classification and external resources ICD 10 D50 D64 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • anemia — /euh nee mee euh/, n. 1. Pathol. a quantitative deficiency of the hemoglobin, often accompanied by a reduced number of red blood cells and causing pallor, weakness, and breathlessness. 2. a lack of power, vigor, vitality, or colorfulness: His… …   Universalium

  • aplastic anemia — Pathol. severe anemia due to destruction or depressed functioning of the bone marrow, usually resulting from bone cancer, radiation, or the toxic effects of certain drugs or chemicals. [1930 35; A 6 + PLASTIC] * * * or anemia of bone marrow… …   Universalium

  • aplastic anaemia — noun anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure • Syn: ↑aplastic anemia • Hypernyms: ↑anemia, ↑anaemia * * * aplastic anaemia noun A form of anaemia caused by… …   Useful english dictionary

  • aplastic anemia — noun anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure • Syn: ↑aplastic anaemia • Hypernyms: ↑anemia, ↑anaemia …   Useful english dictionary

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