Infantile hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in growth and development and myxedema surfacing during infancy. Myxedema is a dry waxy type of swelling, often with swollen lips and nose. Infantile hypothyroidism is synonymous with infantile myxedema. Another name, now little used, for the condition is Brissaud’s infantilism, after the French physician Edouard Brissaud (1852-1909).

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hypothyroidism that is first seen in infancy; when severe, it leads to cretinism.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hypothyroidism, infantile — Hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in growth and development and myxedema surfacing during infancy. Myxedema is a dry waxy type of swelling, often with… …   Medical dictionary

  • Infantile myxedema — Hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in growth and development and myxedema surfacing during infancy. Myxedema is a dry waxy type of swelling, often with… …   Medical dictionary

  • hypothyroidism — Diminished production of thyroid hormone, leading to clinical manifestations of thyroid insufficiency, including low metabolic rate, tendency to weight gain, somnolence and sometimes myxedema. SYN: athyrea …   Medical dictionary

  • Myxedema, infantile — Hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in growth and development and myxedema surfacing during infancy. Myxedema is a dry waxy type of swelling, often with… …   Medical dictionary

  • juvenile hypothyroidism — hypothyroidism that is first seen in childhood, with manifestations intermediate between those of the infantile and adult types, including slowed bone and dental growth and delayed sexual development; in children under age three it may cause… …   Medical dictionary

  • myxedema — Hypothyroidism characterized by a relatively hard edema of subcutaneous tissue, with increased content of mucins (proteoglycans) in the fluid; characterized by somnolence, slow mentation, dryness and loss of hair, increased fluid in …   Medical dictionary

  • infantilism — 1. A state marked by slow development of mind and body. SYN: infantile dwarfism. 2. Childishness, as characterized by a temper tantrum of an adolescent or adult. 3. Underdevelopment of the sexual organs. Bri …   Medical dictionary

  • Cretinism — Congenital hypothyroidism (underactivity of the thyroid gland at birth) resulting in growth retardation, developmental delay and other abnormal features. Can be due to deficiency of iodine in the mother’s diet during pregnancy. The condition is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Brissaud’s infantilism — An eponym that is little used (in the USA) for hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in growth and development and myxedema surfacing during infancy. Myxedema …   Medical dictionary

  • Dwarfism — Abnormally short stature, which may be due to a variety of causes. Some forms are hereditary. See also {{}}achondroplasia; dwarfism, pituitary. * * * A condition or a group of conditions in which the standing height of the person is below the 3rd …   Medical dictionary

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