Infarct
An area of tissue death due to a local lack of oxygen. For example, in a myocardial infarction there is death of myocardial (heart muscle) tissue due to sudden (acute) deprivation of circulating blood. This is usually caused by arteriosclerosis with narrowing of the coronary arteries, the culminating event being a thrombosis (clot). The word "infarct" comes from the Latin "infarcire" meaning "to plug up or cram." It refers to the clogging of the artery. See also infarction.
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An area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply. SYN: infarction (2). [L. in-farcio, pp. -fartus (-ctus, an incorrect form), to stuff into]
- anemic i. an i. in which little or no bleeding into tissue spaces occurs when the blood supply is obstructed. SYN: pale i., white i. (1).
- bland i. an uninfected i..
- bone i. an area of bone tissue that has become necrotic as a result of loss of its arterial blood supply.
- Brewer infarcts dark-red, wedge-shaped areas resembling infarcts, seen on section of a kidney in pyelonephritis.
- embolic i. an i. caused by an embolus.
- hemorrhagic i. an i. red in color from infiltration of blood from collateral vessels into the necrotic area. SYN: hemorrhagic gangrene (1), red i..
- pale i. SYN: anemic i..
- red i. SYN: hemorrhagic i..
- Roesler-Dressler i. myocardial infarction in dumbbell form involving the anterior and posterior left ventricle and the left side of the ventricular septum.
- septic i. an area of necrosis resulting from vascular obstruction by emboli composed of clumps of bacteria or infected material.
- thrombotic i. an i. caused by a thrombus.
- uric acid i. precipitates of uric acid distending renal collecting tubules in the newborn; since there is no necrosis, the term i. is a misnomer.
- white i. 1. SYN: anemic i.. 2. in the placenta, intervillous fibrin with ischemic necrosis of villi.
- Zahn i. a pseudoinfarct of the liver, consisting of an area of congestion with parenchymal atrophy but no necrosis; due to obstruction of a branch of the portal vein.

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in·farct 'in-.färkt, in-' n an area of necrosis in a tissue or organ resulting from obstruction of the local circulation by a thrombus or embolus

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n.

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in·farct (inґfahrkt) [L. infarctus] an area of coagulation necrosis in a tissue due to local ischemia resulting from obstruction of circulation to the area, most commonly by a thrombus or embolus. Called also infarction.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • infarct — INFÁRCT, infarcte, s.n. Boală care constă în distrugerea unui organ sau a unei părţi dintr un organ ca urmare a astupării unei artere sau a unei vene terminale. ♢ Infarct miocardic = boală datorată producerii infarctului în miocard, în urma… …   Dicționar Român

  • Infarct — In*farct , n. [See {Infarce}.] 1. (Med.) An obstruction or embolus in one of the blood vessels. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. (Med.) The morbid condition of a limited area resulting from such obstruction; also, the localized necrotic (dead) tissue… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Infarct — Infarct, 1) Stockung von Säften in Gefäßen u. Kanälen des Körpers in Folge von Verdickung u. Verschleimung der Flüssigkeiten zumal im Pfortadersystem u. anderen Theilen des Unterleibes; 2) (Engorgement), Erfüllung der Blutgefäße mit stockendem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • infarct — (n.) 1873, from medical L. infarctus (L. infartus), pp. of infarcire to stuff into, from in + farcire “to stuff” (see FARCE (Cf. farce)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • infarct — [in färkt′] n. [ML infarctus, for L infartus, pp. of infarcire < in , in + farcire, to stuff: see FARCE] an area of dying or dead tissue resulting from inadequate blood flow through blood vessels normally supplying the part …   English World dictionary

  • infarct — noun Etymology: Latin infarctus, past participle of infarcire to stuff, from in + farcire to stuff Date: 1873 an area of necrosis in a tissue or organ resulting from obstruction of the local circulation by a thrombus or embolus • infarcted… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • infarct — infarcted, adj. /in fahrkt , in fahrkt /, n. Pathol. a localized area of tissue, as in the heart or kidney, that is dying or dead, having been deprived of its blood supply because of an obstruction by embolism or thrombosis. [1870 75; < NL… …   Universalium

  • infarct — noun an area of dead tissue caused by a loss of blood supply; a localized necrosis …   Wiktionary

  • infárct — s. n., pl. infárcte …   Romanian orthography

  • infarct — in·farct || ɪn fÉ‘rkt / fɑːkt n. area of dying or dead tissue whose blood supply has been obstructed (Medical) …   English contemporary dictionary

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