Jail fever
Epidemic typhus, a severe acute (sudden-onset) infectious disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink-to-red raised rash. The cause is a microorganism called Rickettsia prowazekii. It is found worldwide and is transmitted by lice. The lice become infected on typhus patients and transmit illness to other people. The mortality increases with age and over half of untreated persons age 50 or more die. Also called European, classic, or louse-borne typhus.

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jail fever 'jāl- n TYPHUS (a)

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epidemic typhus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jail fever — Jail Jail (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jail-fever — jailˈ fēver or gaolˈ fēver noun Typhus fever, once common in jails • • • Main Entry: ↑jail …   Useful english dictionary

  • jail fever — Typhus Ty phus, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? smoke, cloud, stupor arising from fever; akin to ? to smoke, Skr. dh?pa smoke.] (Med.) A contagious continued fever lasting from two to three weeks, attended with great prostration and cerebral disorder, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jail fever — Ship Ship, n. [OE. ship, schip, AS. scip; akin to OFries. skip, OS. scip, D. schip, G. schiff, OHG. scif, Dan. skib, Sw. skeep, Icel. & Goth. skip; of unknown origin. Cf. {Equip}, {Skiff}, {Skipper}.] 1. Any large seagoing vessel. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • JAIL FEVER —    the popular name of a fever now known to be a severe form of typhus, such as happened in 1579 at the Black Assize, so called as so many of those in the conduct of it died infected by the prisoners …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • jail-fever — n. typhus fever, epidemic typhus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • jail fever — /ˈdʒeɪl fivə/ (say jayl feevuh) noun → typhus …   Australian English dictionary

  • jail fever — noun : typhus 1a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jail — (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jail delivery — Jail Jail (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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