Jugular vein, external
The more superficial of the two jugular veins in the neck that drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most of the blood from the outside of the skull and the deep parts of the face. It lies outside the sternocleidomastoid muscle, passes down the neck and joins the subclavian vein. The internal jugular vein collects blood from the brain, the outside of the face and the neck. It runs down the inside of the neck outside the internal and common carotid arteries and unites with the subclavian vein to form the innominate vein. The jugular veins are particularly prominent during congestive heart failure. When the patient is sitting or in a semirecumbent position, the height of the jugular veins and their pulsations provides an estimate of the central venous pressure and gives important information about whether the heart is keeping up with the demands on it or is failing. The word "jugular" refers to the throat or neck. It derives from the Latin "jugulum" meaning throat or collarbone and the Latin "jugum" meaning yoke. To go for the jugular is to attack a vital part that is particularly vulnerable.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jugular vein external — vena jugularis externa …   Medical dictionary

  • External jugular vein — Infobox Vein Name = External jugular vein Latin = vena jugularis externa GraySubject = 168 GrayPage = 646 Caption = Veins of the head and neck. (External jugular visible at center.) Caption2 = Veins DrainsFrom = cranium, face Source = posterior… …   Wikipedia

  • jugular vein — noun veins in the neck that return blood from the head • Syn: ↑vena jugularis, ↑jugular • Derivationally related forms: ↑jugular • Hypernyms: ↑vein, ↑vena, ↑venous blood vessel …   Useful english dictionary

  • jugular vein — n. either of two large veins in the neck carrying blood back from the head to the heart * * * ▪ anatomy       any of several veins of the neck: (1) the external jugular veins, which receive blood from the neck, the outside of the cranium, and the …   Universalium

  • jugular vein — Jugular Ju gu*lar, n. [Cf. F. jugulaire. See {Jugular}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Anat.) One of the large veins which return the blood from the head to the heart through two chief trunks, an external and an internal, on each side of the neck; called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jugular vein — The jugular veins are in the neck and drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most of the blood from the outside of the skull and the deep parts of the face. It lies… …   Medical dictionary

  • External jugular vein — The more superficial of the two jugular veins situated on each side of the neck. The other is the internal jugular vein. They drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most… …   Medical dictionary

  • Jugular vein — Infobox Vein Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = 168 GrayPage = 646 Caption = The veins of the neck, viewed from in front. DrainsFrom = DrainsTo = superior vena cava Artery = MeshName = Jugular+Veins MeshNumber = A07.231.908.498 The jugular… …   Wikipedia

  • Vein, external jugular — The more superficial of the two jugular veins situated on each side of the neck. The other is the internal jugular vein. They drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most… …   Medical dictionary

  • Jugular vein, internal — The deeper of the two jugular veins in the neck that drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The internal jugular vein collects blood from the brain, the outside of the face and the neck. It runs down the… …   Medical dictionary

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