Juxta- (prefix)
The Latin preposition meaning "near, nearby, close." Juxta- appears commonly as a prefix in (and outside) medicine. Some examples in medical usage include the following: {{}}Juxtaarticular — composed of juxta, near + articular, from the Latin "articulus", a joint = near a joint. A juxtaarticular fracture is a break near a joint. The juxtaglomerular apparatus — a collective term referring to the cells near a structure called the glomerulus in the kidney. The juxtaglomerular cells are specialized cells that stimulate secretion of the adrenal hormone aldosterone and play a major role in renal autoregulation. Juxtaposition — the act of placing two or more things side by side or the state of being so placed. To lose a pair of juxtaposed teeth is to lose teeth next to one another. (Apposition is synonymous with juxtaposition). Juxtapyloric — means near the pylorus (the muscular area at the junction of the stomach and the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum). To speak of a juxtapyloric ulcer is to be precise about the location of the ulcer near the pylorus. Juxtaspinal — near the spinal column. Juxtavescicular is near the bladder, etc., etc. Juxta- lends anatomical precision to the location of a structure. Prefixes like "juxta-" play an essential role as building blocks in the construction of many medical terms. For more prefixes in medicine, please search this dictionary using the word "prefix".

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • juxta- — prefix denoting proximity to. Example: juxta articular (near a joint). * * * [L. juxta near, close by] a combining form meaning situated near or adjoining …   Medical dictionary

  • Kirkpatrick-Juxta —    KIRKPATRICK JUXTA, a parish, in the county of Dumfries, 3¼ miles (S.) from Moffat; containing, with the village of Craigielands, 934 inhabitants. The ancient name of this parish was Kil patrick, the prefix of which is of the same signification …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • kom —     kom     English meaning: by, beside, at, with     Deutsche Übersetzung: Adverb (prefix and preposition or Postpos.) ‘so an etwas entlang, daß Berũhrung with it stattfindet; besides, bei, with”     Material: Gk. κοινός “common” from *κομ ι̯ό… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • Juxtaspinal — Near the spinal column. The prefix juxta comes from the Latin preposition meaning near, nearby, close. Other examples of terms starting with juxta include. for examples, juxtaarticular and juxtapyloric. Juxtaarticular is composed of juxta, near + …   Medical dictionary

  • Juxtavesicular — Near the bladder. The prefix juxta comes from the Latin preposition meaning near, nearby, close and vesicular refers to the bladder (the vesicle). Other examples of terms starting with juxta include juxtaarticular and juxtapyloric. Juxtaarticular …   Medical dictionary

  • Earl Shilton — Infobox UK place official name= Earl Shilton country = England os grid reference= SP472980 latitude= 52.57777 longitude= 1.30491 map type= Leicestershire civil parish= population = shire district= Hinckley and Bosworth shire county=… …   Wikipedia

  • Juxtaarticular — The prefix juxta comes from the Latin preposition meaning near, nearby, close. Juxtaarticular is composed of juxta, near + articular, from the Latin articulus , a joint = near a joint. A juxtaarticular fracture is a break near a joint;… …   Medical dictionary

  • Juxtaposition — The prefix juxta comes from the Latin preposition meaning near, nearby, close. Juxtaposition is thus the act of placing two or more things side by side or the state of being so placed. To lose a pair of juxtaposed teeth is to lose teeth that are… …   Medical dictionary

  • Apposition — The word apposition has several senses including the act of adding or accretion and also the putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side. Growth by apposition is a mode of growth that is characteristic of many tissues in the body by which …   Medical dictionary

  • Juxtaglomerular apparatus — The prefix juxta comes from the Latin preposition meaning near, nearby, close. The juxtaglomerular apparatus is a collective term referring to the cells near a structure called the glomerulus in the kidney. The juxtaglomerular cells are… …   Medical dictionary

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