Kernig sign
A clinical hallmark of meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The test for Kernig sign is done by having the person lie supine (flat on the back), flex the thigh so that it is at a right angle to the trunk, and completely extend the leg at the knee joint. If the leg cannot be completely extended due to pain, this is Kernig sign.

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Ker·nig sign 'ker-nig- or Kernig's sign 'ker-nigz- n an indication usu. present in meningitis that consists of pain and resistance on attempting to extend the leg at the knee with the thigh flexed at the hip
Kernig Vladimir Mikhailovich (1840-1917)
Russian physician. Kernig first described his sign for cerebrospinal meningitis in 1882. In 1907 he published a full description.

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Ker·nig sign (kerґnig) [Vladimir Mikhailovich Kernig, Russian physician, 1840–1917] see under sign.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kernig sign — ˈkernig noun or kernig s sign Usage: usually capitalized K Etymology: after Vladimir Kernig died 1917 Russ. physician : an indication usually present in meningitis that consists of pain and resistance on attempting to extend the leg at the knee… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Meningitis, Kernig sign of — This clinical hallmark of meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, is tested for by having the person lie supine (flat on the back), flex the thigh so that it is at a right angle to the trunk,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sign — Any abnormality that indicates a disease process, such as a change in appearance, sensation, or function, that is observed by a physician when evaluating a patient. * * * 1. Any abnormality indicative of disease, discoverable on examination of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sign, Kernig — A clinical hallmark of meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The test for Kernig sign is done by having the person lie supine (flat on the back), flex the thigh so that it is at a right angle… …   Medical dictionary

  • Kernig's sign — a symptom of meningitis in which the hamstring muscles in the legs are so stiff that the patient is unable to extend his legs at the knee when the thighs are held at a right angle to the body. V. Kernig (1840 1917), Russian physician …   Medical dictionary

  • Kernig's sign — a symptom of meningitis in which the hamstring muscles in the legs are so stiff that the patient is unable to extend his legs at the knee when the thighs are held at a right angle to the body [Kernig (1840–1917), Russian physician] …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Kernig — Vladimir, Russian physician, 1840–1917. See K. sign …   Medical dictionary

  • Kernig's sign — noun symptom of meningitis; patient cannot extend the leg at the knee when the thigh is flexed because of stiffness in the hamstrings • Hypernyms: ↑symptom …   Useful english dictionary

  • Woldemar Kernig — Infobox Scientist name = Woldemar Kernig image width= birth date = June 28 1840 birth place = Liepāja, Latvia flagicon|Latvia death date = April 18, 1917 flagicon|Russia citizenship = flagicon|Russia field = internal medicine, neurology known for …   Wikipedia

  • Tinel sign — Classification and external resources Transverse section across the wrist and digits. (The median nerve is the yellow dot near the center. The carpal tunnel is not labeled, but the circular structure surrounding the median nerve is visible.) IC …   Wikipedia

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