Laparotomy
: An operation to open the abdomen. The word "laparotomy" was first used to designate this operation in 1878 by an English surgeon, Thomas Bryant. The word has an interesting derivation. It was compounded from Greek roots "lapara" referring to "the soft parts of the body between the rib cage and the hips" and "tome" meaning "a cutting" = a cutting into that area.
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1. Incision into the loin. 2. SYN: celiotomy. [laparo- + G. tome, incision]

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lap·a·rot·o·my .lap-ə-'rät-ə-mē n, pl -mies surgical section of the abdominal wall

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n.
a surgical incision into the abdominal cavity. The operation is done to examine the abdominal organs as a help to diagnosis; for example, to establish the spread of a tumour (exploratory laparotomy) or as a prelude to major surgery, for example in abdominal trauma.

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lap·a·rot·o·my (lap″ə-rotґə-me) [laparo- + -tomy] surgical incision into the abdominal cavity. Called also celiotomy and peritoneotomy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laparotomy — Intervention Abdominal cavity ICD 9 CM …   Wikipedia

  • Laparotomy — Lap a*rot o*my, n. [Gr. ? loins + te mnein to cut.] (Surg.) A cutting through the walls of the abdomen, as in the C[ae]sarean section. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • laparotomy — [lap΄ə rät′ə mē] n. pl. laparotomies [ LAPARO + TOMY] a surgical incision into the abdomen …   English World dictionary

  • laparotomy — UK [ˌlæpəˈrɒtəmɪ] / US [ˌlæpəˈrɑtəmɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms laparotomy : singular laparotomy plural laparotomies medical a cut that is made in the stomach in order to examine the inside of it …   English dictionary

  • laparotomy — n. a surgical incision into the abdominal cavity. The operation is done to examine the abdominal organs as a help to diagnosis; for example, to establish the spread of a tumour (exploratory laparotomy) or as a prelude to major surgery, for… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • laparotomy — noun (plural mies) Date: 1878 surgical incision of the abdominal wall …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • laparotomy — /lap euh rot euh mee/, n., pl. laparotomies. Surg. 1. incision through the abdominal wall. 2. incision into the loin, esp. for access to the abdominal cavity. [1875 80; LAPARO + TOMY] * * * …   Universalium

  • laparotomy — noun The surgical procedure for making an incision in the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. Performed either as exploratory surgery, or as the first step in an abdominal operation. Syn: coeliotomy …   Wiktionary

  • laparotomy —  Surgical incision into the abdominal wall …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • laparotomy — n. small incision made in the wall of the stomach …   English contemporary dictionary

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