Legionnaire disease
A disease due to the bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing, shower heads and water-storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been attributed to evaporative condensers and cooling towers. The bacteria thrives in the mist sprayed from air-conditioning ducts and so it can infest an entire building or airplane. Travelers are especially vulnerable in the closed space within a plane. Legionnaire disease can cause a massive pneumonia associated with collapse of the respiratory function. It can be an overwhelming and sometimes fatal illness. The disease was first identified as a sequel of the 1976 convention of the American Legion in some of the Legionnaires who had attended the convention. It was therefore named Legionnaire disease. The distinguished surgeon/writer Richard Selzer has recounted his own near-fatal experience with Legionnaire disease in "Raising the Dead. A Doctor's Encounter with His Own Mortality" (Whittle/Viking, New York, 1993).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Legionnaire disease — Type of pneumonia, first identified in American Legion conventioneers in 1976, 29 of whom died. The cause was identified as a previously unknown bacterium, Legionella pneumophila, later revealed as causing earlier mysterious outbreaks at widely… …   Universalium

  • Disease, Legionnaire — A disease due to the bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing, shower heads and water storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been attributed to evaporative condensers and cooling towers. The bacteria thrives in the mist… …   Medical dictionary

  • disease — diseasedly, adv. diseasedness, n. /di zeez /, n., v., diseased, diseasing. n. 1. a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection,… …   Universalium

  • legionnaire — 1818, from Fr. légionnaire, from légion (see LEGION (Cf. legion)). Legionnaires Disease, caused by Legionella pneumophilia, was named after the lethal outbreak of July 1976 at the American Legion convention in Philadelphia s Bellevue Stratford… …   Etymology dictionary

  • legionnaire's disease — Disease named after an outbreak of the illness at an American Legion convention in July, 1 976. The specific cause of the disease is uncertain …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • legionnaire's disease — noun see legionnaires disease * * * legionnaire s disease or legionnaires disease noun A severe, sometimes fatal, pneumonia like disease caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophilia (so named after an outbreak of the disease at an American… …   Useful english dictionary

  • disease — n. 1) to come down with, contract a disease 2) to carry; spread (a) disease 3) to cure; prevent (a) disease 4) to eradicate, stamp out, wipe out (a) disease; to bring a disease under control 5) an acute; common; deadly; degenerative; fatal,… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • legionnaire's disease — /lidʒəˈnɛəz dəziz/ (say leejuh nairz duhzeez) noun a disease caused by an aerobic bacterium, Legionella pneumophila, which, in its severe form, causes a high fever and pneumonia; sometimes circulated in air conditioning systems. Also,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Legionnaire's disease — noun see Legionnaires disease …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • legionnaire's disease — legion naire s dis.ease n [U] a serious disease that affects your lungs …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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