Aniline
A chemical compound implicated, along with o-toluidine, in the causation of bladder cancer. Aniline and o-toluidine, both aromatic amines, are used in the manufacture of a variety of dyes, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and chemicals employed in the manufacture of rubber. The primary routes of exposure to these compounds are inhalation and dermal contact. There is no doubt that aniline and o-toluidine are carcinogens — agents that cause cancer. Evidence reported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) clearly associates the occupational exposure to o-toluidine and aniline with an increased risk of bladder cancer among workers. The risk of bladder cancer is greatest among workers with possible and definite exposures to o-toluidine and aniline, and the risk increases with the duration of exposure.
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C6H5(NH2); an oily, colorless or brownish liquid, of aromatic odor and acrid taste, that is the parent substance of many synthetic dyes; derived from benzene by the substitution of the group —NH2 for one of the hydrogen unatoms. A. is highly toxic, may cause industrial poisoning, and may be carcinogenic. SYN: aminobenzene, benzeneamine, phenylamine. [Ar. an-nil, indigo]

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an·i·line 'an-əl-ən n an oily liquid poisonous amine C6H5NH2 obtained esp. by the reduction of nitrobenzene and used chiefly in organic synthesis (as of dyes and pharmaceuticals)
aniline adj

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an·i·line (anґĭ-lin) [Ar. an-nil indigo plant] a colorless oily liquid arylamine derived from coal tar or indigo, made commercially by reducing nitrobenzene. It is slightly soluble in water and freely so in ether and alcohol. Combined with other substances, especially chlorine and the chlorates, it forms the aniline colors or dyes. It is an important cause of serious industrial poisoning (anilinism), and high doses or long exposure may be carcinogenic. Called also amidobenzene and aminobenzene.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ANILINE — L’aniline est un composé organique renfermant une fonction amine primaire, c’est à dire un atome d’azote lié à un carbone et à deux hydrogènes; l’atome de carbone appartenant à un noyau benzénique, il s’agit d’une amine aromatique, la plus simple …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aniline — An i*line, a. Made from, or of the nature of, aniline. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aniline — An i*line (?; 277), n. [See {Anil}.] (Chem.) An organic base belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained from …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aniline — (n.) chemical base used in making colorful dyes, 1843, coined 1841 by German chemist Carl Julius Fritzsche (1808 1871) and adopted by Hofmann, ultimately from Port. anil the indigo shrub, from Arabic an nil the indigo, assimilated from al nil,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • aniline — ► NOUN ▪ an oily liquid found in coal tar, used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, and plastics. ORIGIN from an Arabic word meaning indigo (from which it was originally obtained) …   English terms dictionary

  • aniline — [an′ə lin, an′əlēn΄, an′əlīn΄] n. [Ger anilin: see ANIL & INE3] a colorless, poisonous, oily liquid, C6H5NH2, a derivative of benzene used in making dyes, resins, rubber additives, fungicides, herbicides, etc., and in organic synthesis …   English World dictionary

  • Aniline — For other uses, see Aniline (disambiguation). Aniline …   Wikipedia

  • Aniline — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Alanine. Aniline …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aniline — /an l in, uyn /, n. 1. Also called aniline oil, aminobenzine, phenylamine. Chem. a colorless, oily, slightly water soluble liquid, C6H5NH2, usually derived from nitrobenzene by reduction: used chiefly in the synthesis of dyes and drugs. adj. 2.… …   Universalium

  • aniline — /ˈænələn / (say anuhluhn) noun 1. an aromatic amine, aminobenzene, C6H5NH2, used in the manufacture of plastics, resins, etc. –adjective 2. relating to or derived from aniline: aniline colours. {anil + ine2} …   Australian English dictionary

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