Louse-borne typhus
A severe acute disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink-to-red raised rash. The cause is a microorganism called Rickettsia prowazekii. It is found worldwide and is transmitted by lice. The lice become infected on typhus patients and transmit illness to other people. The mortality increases with age and over half of untreated persons age 50 or more die. Also called epidemic, European, classic typhus and jail fever.

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louse-borne typhus -.bȯrn- n TYPHUS (a)

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epidemic t.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • typhus — A group of acute infectious and contagious diseases, caused by rickettsiae that are transmitted by arthropods, and occurring in two principal forms: epidemic t. and endemic (murine) t.; typical symptoms include: severe headache, shivering and… …   Medical dictionary

  • typhus — spotted fever; n. any one of a group of infections caused by rickettsiae and characterized by severe headache, a widespread rash, prolonged high fever, and delirium. They all respond to treatment with chloramphenicol or tetracyclines. Epidemic… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Typhus, epidemic — A severe acute disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink to red raised rash. The cause is a microorganism called Rickettsia prowazekii. It is found worldwide and is transmitted by lice. The lice… …   Medical dictionary

  • louse — n. /lows/; v. /lows, lowz/, n., pl. lice /luys/ for 1 3, louses for 4, v., loused, lousing. n. 1. any small, wingless insect of the order Anoplura (sucking louse), parasitic on humans and other mammals and having mouthparts adapted for sucking,… …   Universalium

  • Typhus —  Cet article traite du typhus. Ne pas confondre avec la fièvre typhoïde, ni avec les fièvres paratyphoïdes Le typhus (du grec τῦφος typhos: stupeur, torpeur) est le nom donné à un groupe de maladies similaires, graves pour l homme. Il s agit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • epidemic typhus — (louse borne typhus) (ep i dem ik ti fus) A disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii that is transmitted from person to person by the body louse …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Epidemic typhus — A severe acute disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink to red raised rash. The cause is a microorganism called Rickettsia prowazekii. It is found worldwide and is transmitted by lice. The lice… …   Medical dictionary

  • Head louse — This article is about the animal. For the disease known as head lice, see Pediculosis capitis. Head lice Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

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