Memory, short-term
A system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Short-term memory is involved in the selection, initiation, and termination of information-processing functions such as encoding, storing, and retrieving data. One test of short-term memory is memory span, the number of items, usually words or numbers, that a person can hold onto and recall. In a typical test of memory span, an examiner reads a list of random numbers aloud at about the rate of one number per second. At the end of a sequence, the person being tested is asked to recall the items in order. The average memory span for normal adults is 7. Short-term memory is also termed recent or working memory.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Memory, long-term — A system for permanently storing, managing, and retrieving information for later use. Items of information stored as long term memory may be available for a lifetime. Long term memory is in contrast to short term memory (as I recall) …   Medical dictionary

  • Short-term memory — A system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Short term memory is involved in the selection, initiation, and termination of information… …   Medical dictionary

  • Short-term memory — Short term memory, sometimes referred to as primary, working, or active memory, is said to hold a small amount of information for about 20 to 30 seconds.Estimates of short term memory capacity vary – from about 3 or 4 elements (i.e., words,… …   Wikipedia

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  • short-term — adj [usually before noun] continuing for only a short time, or relating only to the period that is not very far into the future ≠ ↑long term ▪ The treatment may bring short term benefits to AIDS sufferers. ▪ Most of the staff are on short term… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • short-term memory — noun uncount the part of your memory that remembers recent events or things that you only need to know for a short period of time …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • short-term — short′ term′ adj. 1) covering or involving a relatively short period of time: short term memory[/ex] 2) maturing after a relatively short period of time: a short term loan[/ex] 3) ste bus (of a capital gain or loss) derived from the sale or… …   From formal English to slang

  • short-term memory — noun what you can repeat immediately after perceiving it • Syn: ↑STM, ↑immediate memory • Hypernyms: ↑memory, ↑remembering * * * information retained in the brain and retrievable from it over a brief span of time (contrasted with long term… …   Useful english dictionary

  • short-term — adj. Short term is used with these nouns: ↑aim, ↑benefit, ↑care, ↑change, ↑confinement, ↑consequence, ↑contract, ↑credit, ↑debt, ↑effect, ↑employment, ↑ …   Collocations dictionary

  • short-term memory — memory that only holds items for a short period of time after they occur, STM …   English contemporary dictionary

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