Meningitis, Kernig sign of
This clinical hallmark of meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, is tested for by having the person lie supine (flat on the back), flex the thigh so that it is at a right angle to the trunk, and completely extend the leg at the knee joint. If the leg cannot be completely extended due to pain, this is Kernig sign.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kernig sign — ˈkernig noun or kernig s sign Usage: usually capitalized K Etymology: after Vladimir Kernig died 1917 Russ. physician : an indication usually present in meningitis that consists of pain and resistance on attempting to extend the leg at the knee… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kernig sign — A clinical hallmark of meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The test for Kernig sign is done by having the person lie supine (flat on the back), flex the thigh so that it is at a right angle… …   Medical dictionary

  • Meningitis — Classification and external resources Meninges of the central nervous system: dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater. ICD 10 G …   Wikipedia

  • Meningitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 G00 Bakterielle Meningitis G01 Meningitis bei anderenorts klassifizierten bakteriellen Krankheiten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sign — Any abnormality that indicates a disease process, such as a change in appearance, sensation, or function, that is observed by a physician when evaluating a patient. * * * 1. Any abnormality indicative of disease, discoverable on examination of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sign, Kernig — A clinical hallmark of meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The test for Kernig sign is done by having the person lie supine (flat on the back), flex the thigh so that it is at a right angle… …   Medical dictionary

  • Meningitis — Inflammation of the meninges, usually due to a bacterial infection but sometimes from viral, protozoan, or other causes (in some cases the cause cannot be determined). The onset is usually rapid (acute), and if untreated, the disease can be fatal …   Medical dictionary

  • meningitis — n. an inflammation of the meninges due to infection by viruses or bacteria or fungi. Meningitis causes an intense headache, fever, loss of appetite, intolerance to light and sound, rigidity of muscles, especially those in the neck (see also… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Kernig's sign — a symptom of meningitis in which the hamstring muscles in the legs are so stiff that the patient is unable to extend his legs at the knee when the thighs are held at a right angle to the body. V. Kernig (1840 1917), Russian physician …   Medical dictionary

  • Kernig's sign — a symptom of meningitis in which the hamstring muscles in the legs are so stiff that the patient is unable to extend his legs at the knee when the thighs are held at a right angle to the body [Kernig (1840–1917), Russian physician] …   The new mediacal dictionary

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