Mouth, trench
A progressive painful infection of the mouth and throat with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be involved, but the full story behind this long-known disease is still not clear. This condition is also called Vincent’s angina after the French physician Henri Vincent (1862-1950). The word “angina” comes from the Latin “angere” meaning “to choke or throttle.” As with most long-known but poorly understood diseases, trench mouth (alias Vincent's angina) goes by many other names including acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), acute membranous gingivitis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, fusospirillosis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, phagedenic gingivitis, ulcerative gingivitis, Vincent’s gingivitis, Vincent’s infection, and Vincent’s stomatitis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • trench mouth — n. 〚from its prevalence among soldiers in trenches〛 an infectious disease characterized by ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and caused by a bacterium (Fusobacterium nucleatum) often in conjunction with a spirochete (… …   Universalium

  • trench mouth — n. [from its prevalence among soldiers in trenches] an infectious disease characterized by ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and caused by a bacterium (Fusobacterium nucleatum) often in conjunction with a spirochete (… …   English World dictionary

  • trench mouth — trench′ mouth n. pat an acute ulcerating infection of the gums and throat, caused by a combination of bacilli and spirochetes …   From formal English to slang

  • trench mouth — noun an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane • Syn: ↑Vincent s angina, ↑Vincent s infection • Hypernyms: ↑contagious disease, ↑contagion, ↑angina * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • Trench mouth — A progressive painful infection of the mouth and throat with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) …   Medical dictionary

  • trench mouth — noun Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, a severe bacterial infection of the gums, typically characterized by inflammation, bleeding, deep ulceration, necrotized tissue, pain, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue …   Wiktionary

  • mouth — 1. SYN: oral cavity. 2. The opening, usually the external opening, of a cavity or canal. See os (2), ostium, orifice, stoma (2). [A.S. muth] carp m. a m. like that of the carp, with downturning of the corners; observed in Cornelia de Lange …   Medical dictionary

  • trench mouth — Synonyms and related words: African lethargy, Asiatic cholera, Chagres fever, German measles, Haverhill fever, acute articular rheumatism, ague, alkali disease, amebiasis, amebic dysentery, anthrax, bacillary dysentery, bastard measles, black… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • trench mouth — /trɛntʃ ˈmaʊθ/ (say trench mowth) noun → Vincent s angina. {so called because of its prevalence among soldiers} …   Australian English dictionary

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