Muscle, teres minor
A muscle that assists the lifting of the arm during outward turning (external rotation) of the arm. The tendon of the teres minor muscle is one of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and constitute the rotator cuff. Each of these four tendons hooks up to a muscle that the shoulder in a specific direction. The four muscles whose tendons form the rotator cuff are: The teres minor muscle; The infraspinatus muscle, which (like the teres minor) helps in the outward turning (external rotation) of the arm. The supraspinatus muscle which is responsible for elevating the arm and moving it away from the body; and The subscapularis muscle, which moves the arm by turning it inward (internal rotation). Damage to the rotator cuff is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain. The term "teres" means "smooth and round" or "cylindrical" in Latin. The teres minor muscle was given that name because it was round and smaller than another round muscle which naturally came to be known as the teres major muscle. In anatomy, wherever there is a minor, there is a major.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • teres minor — n a long cylindrical muscle that arises from the upper two thirds of the axillary border of the scapula, passes behind the long head of the triceps to insert chiefly on the greater tubercle of the humerus, contributes to the formation of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Teres minor muscle — Infobox Muscle Name = PAGENAME Latin = musculus teres minor GraySubject = 123 GrayPage = 441 Caption = Suprascapular and axillary nerves of right side, seen from behind. (Teres minor is visible at center.) Caption2 = Muscles on the dorsum of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Teres minor muscle — A muscle that assists the lifting of the arm during outward turning (external rotation) of the arm. The tendon of the teres minor muscle is one of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and constitute the rotator cuff. Each of these four… …   Medical dictionary

  • teres minor — noun teres muscle that adducts the arm and rotates it laterally • Syn: ↑teres minor muscle, ↑musculus teres minor • Hypernyms: ↑teres, ↑teres muscle …   Useful english dictionary

  • teres minor muscle — noun teres muscle that adducts the arm and rotates it laterally • Syn: ↑teres minor, ↑musculus teres minor • Hypernyms: ↑teres, ↑teres muscle …   Useful english dictionary

  • musculus teres minor — noun teres muscle that adducts the arm and rotates it laterally • Syn: ↑teres minor, ↑teres minor muscle • Hypernyms: ↑teres, ↑teres muscle …   Useful english dictionary

  • musculus teres minor — [TA] teres minor muscle: origin, lateral margin of scapula; insertion, greater tubercle of humerus; innervation, axillary; action, rotates arm laterally …   Medical dictionary

  • Muscle — is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. There are three types of muscle in the body. Muscle which is responsible for moving extremities and external areas of the body is called "skeletal muscle." Heart… …   Medical dictionary

  • Teres major muscle — Muscle infobox Name = Teres major muscle Latin = musculus teres major GraySubject = 123 GrayPage = 442 Caption = Muscles on the dorsum of the scapula, and the Triceps brachii muscle: #3 is Latissimus dorsi muscle #5 is Teres major muscle #6 is… …   Wikipedia

  • Teres (disambiguation) — Teres may refer to: *Teres, the first king of the Odrysian state of Thrace. *pronator teres muscle, a muscle located mainly in the human forearm *teres major muscle, a muscle of the upper limb; one of six scapulohumeral muscles *teres minor… …   Wikipedia

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