A benign tumor of smooth muscle in the wall of the uterus. A myoma of the uterus is commonly called a fibroid. Uterine fibroids are the single most common indication for hysterectomy. Fibroids can be present and be inapparent. However, they are clinically apparent in up to 25% of women and cause significant morbidity, including prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure or pain, and, in rare cases, reproductive dysfunction. Both the economic cost and the effect of fibroids on quality of life are substantial. Fibroids are not cancerous. Drugs that manipulate the levels of steroid hormones are effective in treating fibroids but side-effects limit their long-term use. Fibroids may be removed if they cause discomfort or if they are associated with uterine bleeding. Surgery is the mainstay of fibroid treatment. In addition to hysterectomy and abdominal myomectomy, various minimally invasive procedures have been developed to remove fibroids.
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A benign neoplasm of muscular tissue. SEE ALSO: leiomyoma, rhabdomyoma. [myo- + G. -oma, tumor]

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my·o·ma mī-'ō-mə n, pl -mas also -ma·ta -mət-ə a tumor consisting of muscle tissue
my·o·ma·tous -mət-əs adj

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a benign tumour of muscle. It may originate in smooth muscle (see leiomyoma) or in striated muscle (see rhabdomyoma).

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my·o·ma (mi-oґmə) pl. myomas, myoґmata [my- + -oma] a benign tumor made up of muscular elements. See also leiomyoma. myomatous adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Myoma — My*o ma, n. [NL. See {Myo }, and { oma}.] (Med.) A tumor consisting of muscular tissue. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Myōma — (Myosarkoma), Geschwulst aus neugebildeten gestreiften Muskelfasern …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • myoma — [mī ō′mə] n. pl. myomas or myomata [mī ōmə tə] [ModL: see MYO & OMA] any tumor consisting of muscular tissue myomatous [mīäm′ə təs, mīō′mətəs] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Myoma — For the village in Burma, see Myoma, Mingin. Myoma Classification and external resources ICD O: M8895/3 MeSH D009214 Myoma is a kind of mese …   Wikipedia

  • myoma — noun (plural mas; also myomata) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1875 a tumor consisting of muscle tissue • myomatous adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • myoma — myomatous /muy om euh teuhs, oh meuh /, adj. /muy oh meuh/, n., pl. myomas, myomata / meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor composed of muscular tissue. [1870 75; MY + OMA] * * * …   Universalium

  • myoma — noun /maɪˈoʊmə/ A tumor comprised of muscle tissue, usually benign and commonly occurring in the uterus and the esophagus …   Wiktionary

  • myoma — my·o·ma || maɪ əʊmÉ™ n. non malignant muscular tumor (Pathology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • myoma — my·o·ma …   English syllables

  • myoma — n. a benign tumour of muscle. It may originate in smooth muscle (see leiomyoma) or in striated muscle (see rhabdomyoma) …   The new mediacal dictionary

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