Nail infection, fungal
The most common fungus infection of the nails is onychomycosis. Onychomycosis makes the nails look white and opaque, thickened, and brittle. Those at increased risk for developing onychomycosis include: People with diabetes; People with disease of the small blood vessels (peripheral vascular disease); and Older women (perhaps because estrogen deficiency increases the risk of infection); and Women of any age who wear artificial nails (acrylic or "wraps"). Artificial nails increase the risk for onychomycosis because, when an artificial nail is applied, the nail surface is usually abraded with an emery board damaging it, emery boards can carry infection, and water can collect under the nail creating a moist, warm environment favorable for fungal growth. Alternative names include tinea unguium and ringworm of the nails.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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