Nerve, sixth cranial
The sixth cranial nerve is the abducent nerve, a small motor nerve that has one task: to supply a muscle called the lateral rectus muscle that moves the eye outward. Paralysis of the abducent nerve causes inward turning of the eye (internal strabismus) leading to double vision. All 12 cranial nerves, the abducent nerve included, emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral column. The word "abducent" comes from the Latin "ab-", away from + "ducere", to draw = to draw away. The abducent (or abducens) operates the lateral rectus muscle that draws the eye toward the side of the head. The abducent nerve is also called the abducens nerve.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Sixth cranial nerve — The sixth cranial nerve is the abducent nerve, a small motor nerve that has one task: to supply a muscle called the lateral rectus muscle that moves the eye outward. Paralysis of the abducent nerve causes inward turning of the eye (internal… …   Medical dictionary

  • Cranial nerve, sixth — The sixth cranial nerve is the abducent nerve. It is a small motor nerve that has one task: to supply a muscle called the lateral rectus muscle that moves the eye outward. Paralysis of the abducent nerve causes inward turning of the eye (internal …   Medical dictionary

  • sixth cranial nerve — noun a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye • Syn: ↑abducent, ↑abducent nerve, ↑abducens, ↑abducens nerve, ↑nervus abducens • Hypernyms: ↑cranial nerve * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • cranial nerve sixth — nervus abducens …   Medical dictionary

  • Nerve — A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory and motor information from one body part to another. See nervous system. * * * A whitish cordlike structure composed of one or more bundles (fascicles) of myelinated …   Medical dictionary

  • cranial nerve — noun any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem • Hypernyms: ↑nerve, ↑nervus • Hyponyms: ↑olfactory nerve, ↑nervii olfactorii, ↑first cranial nerve, ↑optic nerve, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cranial nerve VI — The sixth cranial nerve is the abducent nerve. It is a small motor nerve that has one task: to supply a muscle called the lateral rectus muscle that moves the eye outward. Paralysis of the abducent nerve causes inward turning of the eye (internal …   Medical dictionary

  • Nerve, abducent — A small motor nerve that has one task: to supply a muscle called the lateral rectus muscle that moves the eye outward. Paralysis of the abducent nerve causes inward turning of the eye (internal strabismus) leading to double vision. The abducent… …   Medical dictionary

  • sixth nerve — noun see sixth cranial nerve …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cranial nerve disease — Classification and external resources Cranial nerves ICD 10 G …   Wikipedia

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