Neuralgia, migrainous
A distinctive syndrome of headaches, today better known as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache — the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is characterized by 1-3 short attacks of pain around the eyes per day, with these attacks clustered over a stretch of 1-2 months followed by a pain-free remission, a breathing spell. The average length of remission is a year. Chronic: Characterized by the absence of sustained periods of remission, chronic cluster headache may start with no past history of cluster headaches, or it may emerge several years after the patient has experienced an episodic pattern of cluster headaches. The episodic and acute forms of cluster headache may transform into one another, so it seems most likely that they are merely different-appearing clinical patterns of one and the same disease. Although the mechanisms underlying cluster headache and migraine may have a degree of commonality, cluster headache looks to be different and distinct as a disease from migraine. For example, propranolol is effective for migraine but not cluster headache while lithium benefits cluster headache syndrome but not migraine. Cluster headache has also gone by a bevy of other confusing names including ciliary neuralgia, erythroprosopalgia, histamine cephalalgia, Raeder’s syndrome, sphenopalatine neuralgia, and vidian neuralgia.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Neuralgia — Pain along the course of a nerve. * * * Pain of a severe, throbbing, or stabbing character in the course or distribution of a nerve. SYN: neurodynia. [neur + G. algos, pain] atypical facial n. SYN: atypical trigeminal n …   Medical dictionary

  • neuralgia — n. a severe burning or stabbing pain often following the course of a nerve. Postherpetic neuralgia is an intense debilitating pain felt at the site of a previous attack of shingles. In trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux) there are brief… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Migrainous neuralgia — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, today better known as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Neuralgia, ciliary — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Neuralgia, sphenopalatine — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Neuralgia, vidian — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Невралгия (Neuralgia) — сильное жжение или стреляющая боль по ходу нерва. Постгерпетическая невралгия, или невралгия, развившаяся после перенесенного опоясывающего лишая (postherpctic neuralgia), представляет сильную, ослабляющую человека боль в месте поражения. При… …   Медицинские термины

  • Ciliary neuralgia — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sphenopalatine neuralgia — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Vidian neuralgia — A distinctive syndrome of headaches, better known today as cluster headache. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache the episodic and the chronic: {{}}Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It is… …   Medical dictionary

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