Occupational disease
A disease due to a factor in a person's occupation. Occupational medicine was founded by the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714). His De Morbis Artificium (On Artificially Caused Diseases) published in 1700 was the first systematic study of occupational disease. He recognized the relationship between metals such as lead and antimony and the symptoms of poisoning in painters and other artisans exposed to them. Ramazzini also recognized diseases associated with a number of other occupations including lung disease in miners.

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occupational disease n an illness caused by factors arising from one's occupation <dermatitis is often an occupational disease> called also industrial disease

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any one of various specific diseases to which workers in certain occupations are particularly prone. Industrial diseases, associated with a particular industry or group of industries, fall within this category. Examples of such diseases include the various forms of pneumoconiosis, which affect the lungs of workers continually exposed to dusty atmospheres; cataracts in glassblowers; decompression sickness in divers; poisoning from toxic metals in factory and other workers; and infectious diseases contracted from animals by farm workers, such as woolsorter's disease (see anthrax). See also COSHH, prescribed disease, industrial injuries disablement benefit.

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a disease due to factors involved in one's employment, e.g., various forms of pneumoconiosis or dermatitis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • occupational disease — ☆ occupational disease n. a disease commonly acquired by people in a particular occupation, as silicosis among miners …   English World dictionary

  • occupational disease — 1. Also called industrial disease. a disease caused by the conditions or hazards of a particular occupation. 2. a trait or tendency that develops among members of a particular profession: Cynicism was thought to be an occupational disease of… …   Universalium

  • occupational disease — noun disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts) • Syn: ↑industrial disease • Hypernyms: ↑disease * * * noun 1. : an illness… …   Useful english dictionary

  • occupational disease — A disease (as black lung disease incurred by miners) resulting from exposure during employment to conditions or substances detrimental to health. Impairment of health not caused by accident but by exposure to conditions incidental to and arising… …   Black's law dictionary

  • occupational disease — profesinė liga statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Liga, kuria susergama dėl sveikatai nepalankių darbo sąlygų (kenksmingųjų profesinių veiksnių). Pagal kilmę (etiologiją) skirstomos į: sukeltas cheminių medžiagų (įvairių dujų,… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • occupational disease — disease caused by working in a particular profession …   English contemporary dictionary

  • occupational disease — Synonyms and related words: abnormality, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, atrophy, bacterial disease, birth defect, blight, cardiovascular disease, chronic disease, circulatory disease, complaint,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • occupational disease — a disease to which workers in certain occupations are particularly prone. Industrial diseases, associated with a particular industry or group of industries, fall within this category. Examples of such diseases include the various forms of… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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