- Occupational disease
- A disease due to a factor in a person's occupation. Occupational medicine was founded by the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714). His De Morbis Artificium (On Artificially Caused Diseases) published in 1700 was the first systematic study of occupational disease. He recognized the relationship between metals such as lead and antimony and the symptoms of poisoning in painters and other artisans exposed to them. Ramazzini also recognized diseases associated with a number of other occupations including lung disease in miners.
* * *occupational disease n an illness caused by factors arising from one's occupation <dermatitis is often an occupational disease> called also industrial disease
* * *any one of various specific diseases to which workers in certain occupations are particularly prone. Industrial diseases, associated with a particular industry or group of industries, fall within this category. Examples of such diseases include the various forms of pneumoconiosis, which affect the lungs of workers continually exposed to dusty atmospheres; cataracts in glassblowers; decompression sickness in divers; poisoning from toxic metals in factory and other workers; and infectious diseases contracted from animals by farm workers, such as woolsorter's disease (see anthrax). See also COSHH, prescribed disease, industrial injuries disablement benefit.
* * *a disease due to factors involved in one's employment, e.g., various forms of pneumoconiosis or dermatitis.
Medical dictionary. 2011.