OCD (Obsessive-compulsive disorder)
A psychiatric disorder characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions, often concerned with cleaning, checking, counting, or hoarding. OCD appears to be rooted in malfunction or insult to the basal ganglia, a structure within the brain that controls automatic activities. OCD often runs in families and is now believed to have genetic origins. The signs and symptoms of OCD wax and wane. Diagnosis is by interview and observation. Treatment is by cognitive behavioral therapy and/or medication.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Obsessive–compulsive disorder — OCD redirects here. For other uses, see OCD (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder. Obsessive–compulsive disorder Classification and external resources Repetitive handwashing is a common OCD sym …   Wikipedia

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder — (OCD) is a chronic anxiety disorder most commonly characterized by obsessive, distressing, intrusive thoughts and related compulsions. Compulsions are tasks or rituals which attempt to neutralize the obsessions. OCD is distinguished from other… …   Wikipedia

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder — n a psychoneurotic disorder in which the patient is beset with obsessions or compulsions or both and suffers extreme anxiety or depression through failure to think the obsessive thoughts or perform the compelling acts abbr. OCD called also… …   Medical dictionary

  • obsessive compulsive disorder — UK US noun [uncountable] medical a mental illness that makes you keep repeating an action such as washing your hands, in order to avoid painful thoughts http://www.macmillandictionary.com/med2cd/weblinks/obsessive compulsive disorder.htm… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder —    Physicians and non physicians alike have always recognized the existence of obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior. Across the ages, examples are common in religion of praying compulsively or dwelling obsessively on salvation or damnation …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder — Mental disorder in which an individual experiences obsessions or compulsions, either singly or together. An obsession is a persistent disturbing preoccupation with an unreasonable idea or feeling (such as of being contaminated through shaking… …   Universalium

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorder — comprises a hypothesized spectrum of psychiatric and medical disorders thought to be related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).McElroy SL, Phillips KA, Keck PE Jr. Obsessive compulsive spectrum disorder. J Clin Psychiatry . 1994 Oct;55 Suppl …   Wikipedia

  • Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder — Not to be confused with Obsessive–compulsive disorder. Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder Classification and external resources ICD 10 F60.5 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Anankastic personality disorder ICD10 = ICD10|F|60|5|f|60 ICD9 = ICD9|301.4 Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), or anankastic personality disorder, is a personality disorder that is characterized by a… …   Wikipedia

  • Obsessive–compulsive spectrum — The obsessive–compulsive spectrum is a model of medical classification where various psychiatric, neurological and/or medical conditions are described as existing on a spectrum of conditions related to obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD).[1] The… …   Wikipedia

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