Oligonucleotide
A small DNA molecule composed of a few nucleotide bases. The term "oligonucleotide" applies similarly to RNA.
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A compound made up of the condensation of a small number (typically fewer than 20) of nucleotides. Cf.:polynucleotide.

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oli·go·nu·cle·o·tide -'n(y)ü-klē-ə-.tīd n a relatively short single-stranded nucleic-acid chain (as an oligodeoxynucleotide or oligoribonucleotide) usu. consisting of up to approximately 20 nucleotides

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ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide (ol″ĭ-go-nooґkle-o-tīd) [oligo- + nucleotide] a single-stranded nucleic acid segment of a few (usually fewer than 20) nucleotides, particularly one produced by recombinant technology and used as a probe or primer.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oligonucleotide — Oligonucléotide Les oligonucléotides sont des courtes séquences de nucléotides (ARN ou ADN), simple brin et longs de quelques dizaines de bases. Ils sont en général obtenus par synthèse chimique. Sommaire 1 Synthèse des oligonucléotides 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • oligonucleotide — oligonucleotide. См. олигонуклеотид. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • oligonucléotide — [ɔligonykleɔtid] n. m. ÉTYM. Av. 1963; de oligo , et nucléotide. ❖ ♦ Biochim. Chaîne de nucléotides (mononucléotides) comportant un nombre d éléments relativement petit, généralement inférieur ou égal à dix (opposé à polynucléotide). || « Parmi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • oligonucleotide — [äl΄i gōno͞o′klē ō tīd΄, äl΄i qōnyo͞o′kle ō tīd΄] n. a short piece of nucleic acid, usually with less than twenty nucleotides, used in genetic engineering and research …   English World dictionary

  • Oligonucléotide — Les oligonucléotides sont des courts segments d acides nucléiques (ARN ou ADN), longs de quelques dizaines de nucléotides. Ils sont en général obtenus par synthèse chimique, sous forme simple brin. Sommaire 1 Synthèse des oligonucléotides 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oligonucleotide — An oligonucleotide (from Greek prefix oligo , having few, having little ) is a short nucleic acid polymer, typically with fifty or fewer bases. Although they can be formed by bond cleavage of longer segments, they are now more commonly… …   Wikipedia

  • oligonucleotide — oligonukleotidas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Nukleotidas, susidedantis iš 2–20 nukleotidų, susijungusių fosfodiesteriniais ryšiais. atitikmenys: angl. oligonucleotide rus. олигонуклеотид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • oligonucleotide — noun Date: 1942 a relatively short nucleic acid chain usually consisting of up to approximately 20 nucleotides …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • oligonucleotide — Linear sequence of up to 20 nucleotides joined by phosphodiester bonds. Above this length the term polynucleotide begins to be used …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • oligonucleotide — /ol i goh nooh klee euh tuyd , nyooh /, n. Biochem. a chain of a few nucleotides. [1940 45; OLIGO + NUCLEOTIDE] * * * …   Universalium

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