Paralysis, laryngeal nerve
Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, a branch of the vagus nerve (a long and important nerve that originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon). After the recurrent laryngeal nerve leaves the vagus nerve, it goes down into the chest and then loops back up to supply the larynx (the voice box). Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve can result from diseases inside the chest (intrathoracic diseases) such as a tumor or an aneurysm (ballooning) of the arch of the aorta or of the left atrium of the heart. The consequence is damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve is laryngeal palsy, paralysis of the larynx (the voice box), on the affected side. Laryngeal palsy can also be caused by damage to the vagus nerve before it gives off the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Laryngeal nerve palsy — Paralysis of the larynx (voice box) caused by damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or its parent nerve, the vagus nerve, which originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon. The recurrent laryngeal nerve supplies the larynx (voice… …   Medical dictionary

  • Laryngeal nerve, recurrent — One of the best known branches of the vagus nerve, a very long nerve that originates in the brainstem. After the recurrent laryngeal nerve leaves the vagus nerve, it goes down into the chest and then loops back up ( recurs ) to supply nerves to… …   Medical dictionary

  • Recurrent laryngeal nerve — Nerve: Recurrent laryngeal nerve POSTERIOR VIEW: The tracheobronchial lymph glands (I. and E. Recurrent nerves visible at top.) …   Wikipedia

  • Palsy, laryngeal nerve — Paralysis of the larynx (voice box) caused by damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or its parent nerve, the vagus nerve, which originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon. The recurrent laryngeal nerve supplies the larynx (voice… …   Medical dictionary

  • Recurrent laryngeal nerve — One of the best known branches of the vagus nerve, a very long nerve that originates in the brainstem. After the recurrent laryngeal nerve leaves the vagus nerve, it goes down into the chest and then loops back up ( recurs ) to supply nerves to… …   Medical dictionary

  • recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy — hoarseness or paralysis of structures in and around the larynx owing to damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve; this may be from compression neuropathy or from disease that affects the nerve …   Medical dictionary

  • Nerve palsy, laryngeal — Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, a branch of the vagus nerve (a long and important nerve that originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon). After the recurrent laryngeal nerve leaves the vagus nerve, it goes down into the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Laryngeal palsy — Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, a branch of the vagus nerve (a long and important nerve that originates in the brainstem and runs down to the colon). After the recurrent laryngeal nerve leaves the vagus nerve, it goes down into the… …   Medical dictionary

  • laryngeal paralysis — paralysis of one of the laryngeal muscles, usually because of a lesion of the vagus nerve or the recurrent laryngeal nerve; seen in disorders such as Avellis syndrome, Jackson syndrome, and Vernet syndrome. Called also laryngoparalysis and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Nerve, tenth cranial — The tenth cranial nerve, and one of the most important, is the vagus nerve. All twelve of the cranial nerves, the vagus nerve included, emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral… …   Medical dictionary

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