Pericardial tamponade
A life-threatening situation in which there is such a large amount of fluid (usually blood) inside the pericardial sac around the heart that it interferes with the performance of the heart. The end result, if untreated, is low blood pressure, shock and death. The excess fluid in the pericardial sac acts to compress and constrict the heart. The word "tamponade" is direct from the French. The French verb "tamponner" means to plug up and, also, to smash into. Here the outpouring of fluid within the pericardial sac is, so to speak, smashing into the heart. Pericardial tamponade can be due to excessive pericardial fluid, a wound to the heart, or rupture of the heart. Also called cardiac tamponade.

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cardiac t.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Tamponade, pericardial — A life threatening situation in which there is such a large amount of fluid (usually blood) inside the pericardial sac around the heart that it interferes with the performance of the heart. The end result, if untreated, is low blood pressure,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Tamponade, cardiac — A life threatening situation in which there is such a large amount of fluid (usually blood) inside the pericardial sac around the heart that it interferes with the performance of the heart. The end result, if untreated, is low blood pressure,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Pericardial fluid — is secreted by the serous membrane on the pericardious sac on the outside of the heart. The pericardial cavity contains between 15 and 50ml of pericardial fluid. It is similar to the serous fluid that is found in the brain for cushioning and… …   Wikipedia

  • Tamponade — is a condition of blood flow stoppage either by insertion of a tampon (a wadded cotton plug) into a blood vessel or by a constriction of the vessel by an outside force.Tamponade is a useful method of stopping a hemorrhage. This can be achieved by …   Wikipedia

  • Pericardial effusion — ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 1786 MeshID = D010490 Pericardial effusion ( fluid around the heart ) is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. Because of the limited amount of space in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Tamponade, chronic — A situation in which a chronic excess of fluid inside the pericardial sac and thickening of the pericardial sac progressively compress the heart and impair its performance. The excess fluid in the pericardial sac acts to constrict the heart. The… …   Medical dictionary

  • tamponade — [ˌtampə neɪd] noun Medicine 1》 (also cardiac tamponade) compression of the heart by an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac. 2》 the surgical use of a plug of absorbent material …   English new terms dictionary

  • tamponade, tamponage — 1. Pathologic compression of an organ. 2. SYN: tamponing. cardiac t. compression of the heart due to critically increased volume of fluid in the pericardium. SYN: heart t.. chronic t …   Medical dictionary

  • tamponade — n. compression of the heart by an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cardiac tamponade — Infobox Disease Name = Cardiac tamponade Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD10|I|31|9|i|30 ICD9 = ICD9|423.3 | ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D002305 Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is …   Wikipedia

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