Pharmacology
The study of drugs, their sources, their nature, and their properties. Pharmacology is the study of the body’s reaction to drugs. It emerged as a major area in American medicine largely due to the efforts of John Jacob Abel (1857- 1938) who stressed the importance of chemistry in medicine, did research on the endocrine glands, first isolated epinephrine (adrenaline), crystallized insulin (1926), and became the first pharmacology professor in the U.S.
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The science concerned with drugs, their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses. [pharmaco- + G. logos, study]
- biochemical p. a branch of p. concerned with the biochemical mechanisms responsible for the actions of drugs.
- clinical p. the branch of p. concerned with the p. of therapeutic agents in the prevention, treatment, and control of disease in humans.
- marine p. a branch of p. concerned with pharmacologically active substances present in aquatic plants and animals; its objective is to find and develop new therapeutic agents.

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phar·ma·col·o·gy .fär-mə-'käl-ə-jē n, pl -gies
1) the science of drugs including their origin, composition, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use, and toxicology
2) the properties and reactions of drugs esp. with relation to their therapeutic value
phar·ma·co·log·i·cal -kə-'läj-i-kəl also phar·ma·co·log·ic -ik adj
phar·ma·co·log·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv

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n.
the science of the properties of drugs and their effects on the body.
pharmacological adj.

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phar·ma·col·o·gy (fahr″mə-kolґə-je) [pharmaco- + -logy] the science that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of drugs; it includes pharmacognosy, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacotherapeutics, and toxicology. pharmacologic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pharmacology — Phar ma*col o*gy, n. [Gr. fa rmakon drug + logy: cf. F. pharmacologie.] 1. Knowledge of drugs or medicines; the art of preparing medicines. [1913 Webster] 2. A treatise on the art of preparing medicines. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pharmacology — 1721, formed in Mod.L. (1680s) from Gk. pharmakon medicine, poison (see PHARMACEUTICAL (Cf. pharmaceutical)) + logia dealing with the topic of (see LOGY (Cf. logy)). Related: Pharmacological …   Etymology dictionary

  • pharmacology — ► NOUN ▪ the branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and action of drugs. DERIVATIVES pharmacologic adjective pharmacological adjective pharmacologist noun …   English terms dictionary

  • pharmacology — [fär΄mə käl′ə jē] n. [ModL pharmacologia: see PHARMACO & LOGY] 1. the study of the preparation, qualities, and uses of drugs 2. the science dealing with the effect of drugs on living organisms pharmacological [fär΄məkō läj′i kəl, fär΄məkə läj′i… …   English World dictionary

  • Pharmacology — A variety of topics involved with pharmacology, including neuropharmacology, renal pharmacology, human metabolism, intracellular metabolism, and intracellular regulation. Pharmacology (from Greek φάρμακον, pha …   Wikipedia

  • pharmacology — pharmacological /fahr meuh keuh loj i keuhl/, pharmacologic, adj. pharmacologically, adv. pharmacologist, n. /fahr meuh kol euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the preparation, uses, and esp. the effects of drugs. [1715 25; < NL pharmacologia.… …   Universalium

  • pharmacology — UK [ˌfɑː(r)məˈkɒlədʒɪ] / US [ˌfɑrməˈkɑlədʒɪ] noun [uncountable] Word forms pharmacology : singular pharmacology plural pharmacologies the scientific study of medicines and drugs used for treating medical conditions Derived words: pharmacological… …   English dictionary

  • pharmacology — [[t]fɑ͟ː(r)məkɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Pharmacology is the branch of science relating to drugs and medicines. Derived words: pharmacological [[t]fɑ͟ː(r)məkəlɒ̱ʤɪk(ə)l[/t]] ADJ ADJ n As little as 50mg of caffeine can produce pharmacological effects.… …   English dictionary

  • pharmacology — noun Date: circa 1721 1. the science of drugs including their origin, composition, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use, and toxicology 2. the properties and reactions of drugs especially with relation to their therapeutic value • pharmacological… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pharmacology — noun /ˌfɑrməˈkɒlədʒi/ a) The science that studies the effects of chemical compounds on living animals, especially the science of the manufacture, use and effects of medicinal drugs. b) The med …   Wiktionary

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