Arborvirus
What's in a name? Although 'arbor' sounds as if it should have something to do with trees, it doesn’t. It comes from the first 2 letters of arthropod + the first 3 letters of bor. Arborviruses are transmitted (borne) to humans by mosquitoes and ticks (arthropods). However, the name 'Arborvirus' proved too clever by far. The spelling had to be replaced by Arbovirus, dropping the second 'r' because of the potential of mis-identification with trees. The first two letters of each word, arthropod' and borne, became the 'arbo' that now associates this category of viruses with arthropods. For information about the Arboviruses, see Arboviral encephalitis.
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Obsolete term for arbovirus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • arborvirus — noun a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • arbovirus — noun a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Arenaviridae — noun a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods • Hypernyms: ↑arbovirus, ↑arborvirus • Member Holonyms: ↑family • Member Meronyms: ↑arenavirus, ↑Junin virus, ↑Lassa virus, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bunyaviridae — noun a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods) • Hypernyms: ↑arbovirus, ↑arborvirus • Member Holonyms: ↑family …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flaviviridae — noun a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods • Hypernyms: ↑arbovirus, ↑arborvirus • Member Holonyms: ↑family • Member Meronyms: ↑flavivirus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Reoviridae — noun a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods • Hypernyms: ↑arbovirus, ↑arborvirus • Member Holonyms: ↑family …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rhabdoviridae — noun a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods • Hypernyms: ↑arbovirus, ↑arborvirus • Member Holonyms: ↑family • Member Meronyms: ↑vesiculovirus, ↑rhabdovirus, ↑lyssavirus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Togaviridae — noun a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods • Hypernyms: ↑arbovirus, ↑arborvirus • Member Holonyms: ↑family • Member Meronyms: ↑alphavirus …   Useful english dictionary

  • chik|un|gun|ya — «CHIHK uhn GUHN yuh», noun. a fever similar to dengue, common in Africa and Asia. It is caused by an arborvirus transmitted chiefly by mosquitoes. ╂[< Chikungunya, a place in eastern Africa where it was identified] …   Useful english dictionary

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