Polio immunization
The vaccines available for vaccination against polio are OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) and IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine). OPV is still the preferred vaccine for most children. As its name suggests, it is given by mouth. IPV, or Inactivated Polio Vaccine is given as a shot in the arm or leg. Infants and children should be given four doses of OPV. The doses are given at 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months and 4-6 years of age. Persons allergic to eggs or the drugs neomycin or streptomycin should receive OPV, not the injectable IPV. Conversely, IPV should be given If the vaccine recipient is on long-term steroid (cortisone) therapy, has cancer, or is on chemotherapy or if a household member has AIDS or there is an unimmunized adult in

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • polio — /poh lee oh /, n. poliomyelitis. [1930 35, Amer.; shortened form] * * * ▪ pathology Introduction in full  poliomyelitis , also called  infantile paralysis   acute viral infectious disease of the nervous system that usually begins with general… …   Universalium

  • Polio vaccine — Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk and first tested in 1952. It was announced to the world by Salk on April 12, 1955. It consists of an injected dose of… …   Wikipedia

  • Polio — Poliomyélite Poliomyélite (Maladie de Heine Medin) Classification et ressources externes Enfant présentant une amyotrophie du membre inférieur droit due à la poliomyélite …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polio — Abbreviation for poliomyelitis, an acute and sometimes devastating disease caused by a virus. Man is the only natural host for polio virus. The virus enters the mouth and multiplies in lymphoid tissues in the throat and intestine. Small numbers… …   Medical dictionary

  • Immunization, polio — The vaccines available for vaccination against polio are OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) and IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine). OPV is still the preferred vaccine for most children. As its name suggests, it is given by mouth. IPV, or Inactivated Polio… …   Medical dictionary

  • Immunization — Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natural disease fighting system of the body. The healthy immune system is able to recognize invading bacteria and viruses and produce substances (antibodies) to destroy or… …   Medical dictionary

  • polio vaccine — a vaccine administered to induce specific active immunity to poliomyelitis. Also called poliomyelitis vaccine. Cf. Sabin vaccine, Salk vaccine. * * *  preparation of poliomyelitis virus given to prevent infection with the disease. The virus is… …   Universalium

  • polio — Infantile paralysis In fan*tile pa*ral y*sis (Med.) An acute viral disease, affecting almost exclusively infants and young adults, characterized by inflammation of the anterior horns of the gray substance of the spinal cord. It is attended with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In Sight: A World Without Polio — ▪ 2005       Reinvigorated immunization efforts to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio) from the world led a UNICEF official in Nigeria, where an outbreak had left more than 700 children paralyzed in 2004, to express confidence that polio had “no… …   Universalium

  • Post-polio syndrome — (PPS), sometimes termed Middle age onset Post polio syndrome is a condition that affects survivors of poliomyelitis, a viral infection of the nervous system, after recovery from an initial paralytic attack of the virus. Typically the symptoms… …   Wikipedia

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