Polio vaccine, Salk
Vaccine against the virus that causes the nerve disease poliomyelitis. The Salk vaccine is named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. The Salk vaccine was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The virus was separated from the tissue, stored for a week, and killed with formaldehyde. This killed-virus vaccine was given by injection and required 4 "shots." The oral form of the vaccine, subsequently developed by Dr. Albert Sabin, is in standard use today since it is easier to administer and is more effective than the Salk vaccine. The Salk vaccine is now exclusively of historic interest. The American physician and virologist Jonas Salk (1914–1995) did research on the influenza virus at the University of Michigan and on poliovirus at the University of Pittsburgh. In 1963 he became the first director of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies at the University of California, San Diego.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Vaccine, Salk — Vaccine against poliomyelitis named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. It was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The… …   Medical dictionary

  • Polio vaccine — Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk and first tested in 1952. It was announced to the world by Salk on April 12, 1955. It consists of an injected dose of… …   Wikipedia

  • polio vaccine — a vaccine administered to induce specific active immunity to poliomyelitis. Also called poliomyelitis vaccine. Cf. Sabin vaccine, Salk vaccine. * * *  preparation of poliomyelitis virus given to prevent infection with the disease. The virus is… …   Universalium

  • polio vaccine — noun : a vaccine intended to confer immunity to poliomyelitis * * * a vaccine administered to induce specific active immunity to poliomyelitis. Also called poliomyelitis vaccine. Cf. Sabin vaccine, Salk vaccine. * * * polio vaccine, a vaccine… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) — The polio virus in IPV has been inactivated (killed). The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is also called the Salk vaccine after the late American physician virologist Jonas Salk. The vaccines available for vaccination against polio are the IPV… …   Medical dictionary

  • Salk (disambiguation) — Salk can refer to:* Salk Institute, a research institute in La Jolla, California, USA * Jonas Salk, developer of the first effective polio vaccine * Salk, military unit …   Wikipedia

  • Salk vaccine — Vaccine against poliomyelitis named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. It was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The… …   Medical dictionary

  • polio — /poh lee oh /, n. poliomyelitis. [1930 35, Amer.; shortened form] * * * ▪ pathology Introduction in full  poliomyelitis , also called  infantile paralysis   acute viral infectious disease of the nervous system that usually begins with general… …   Universalium

  • Salk , Jonas Edward — (1914–1995) American microbiologist Salk was born in New York City, the son of a garment worker. He was educated at the City College of New York and at New York University Medical School, where he obtained his MD in 1939. In 1942 he went to the… …   Scientists

  • Polio — Poliomyélite Poliomyélite (Maladie de Heine Medin) Classification et ressources externes Enfant présentant une amyotrophie du membre inférieur droit due à la poliomyélite …   Wikipédia en Français

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