- Premenstrual syndrome
- A combination of physical and mood disturbances that occur after ovulation and normally end with the onset of the menstrual flow. Premenstrual syndrome is believed to be a disorder of the neurotransmitters and other hormones. In its most severe form, it can be truly disabling for part of the month, and strongly resembles a type of bipolar disorder. Treatment of mild PMS may not be necessary, but treatment of moderate to severe PMS may involve exercise and medication, particularly antidepressants and/or mood stabilizers. Abbreviated PMS.
* * *premenstrual syndrome n a varying constellation of symptoms manifested by some women prior to menstruation that may include emotional instability, irritability, insomnia, fatigue, anxiety, depression, headache, edema, and abdominal pain called also PMS
* * *(PMS)a group of symptoms experienced in varying degrees by women of reproductive age in the week before menstruation. These include altered mental stability, fatigue, bloating, breast tenderness, and headaches. Since social and work functioning and family life can be severely affected, medical help is often sought. Treatments include stress management, salt restriction and low-dose diuretics to relieve fluid retention, simple analgesia for aches and pains, and the contraceptive pill because suppression of ovulation often relieves the symptoms.
* * *(PMS) a syndrome of unknown cause, typically occurring in the period between ovulation and the onset of menstruation, marked by some or all of the following symptoms: feelings of depression, hopelessness, anxiety, or anger, emotional lability, bloating, edema, headache, increased fatigue or lethargy, changes in appetite or cravings for selected foods, breast swelling and tenderness, constipation, and decreased ability to concentrate.
Medical dictionary. 2011.