Primary ciliary dyskinesia
The immotile cilia syndrome, a condition in which poorly functioning cilia (hairlike projections from cells) in the respiratory tract contribute to retention of secretions and recurrent infection. The condition is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is due to mutation in one of several different genes located on chromsomes 5, 9 and 19. About half of patients have Kartagener syndrome (bronchiectasis, sinusitis, and situs inversus in which the normal asymmetry of the body is partially or totally reversed).

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any of a group of hereditary syndromes characterized by delayed or absent mucociliary clearance from the airways; often there is also lack of motion of sperm. One variety is Kartagener syndrome. Called also dyskinetic or immotile cilia syndrome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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