Proctitis
Inflammation of the rectum. This may be due to a considerable number of causes, among them infectious agents and ulcerative colitis. Infectious proctitis is often due to agents such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrheae (the bacteria that causes gonorrhea) and herpes simplex virus that can be acquired during receptive anoreceptive intercourse. Proctitis is a hallmark of ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown origin. In fact, the rectum is always involved in ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis limited to the rectum is called ulcerative proctitis. (The inflammation may also extend into the upper parts of the colon). Intermittent rectal bleeding, crampy abdominal pain and diarrhea that wax and wane are characteristic consequences of ulcerative colitis. The word proctitis comes from the Greek proktos meaning the hindparts or anus + the ending -itis meaning inflammation.
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Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the rectum. SYN: rectitis. [proct- + G. -itis, inflammation]
- epidemic gangrenous p. a generally fatal disease affecting chiefly children in the tropics, characterized by gangrenous ulceration of the rectum and anus, accompanied by frequent watery stools and tenesmus. SYN: bicho, caribi, Indian sickness.
- idiopathic p. probably a variant of ulcerative colitis involving the rectum; some cases progress to involve the remainder of the colon as well. SYN: chronic ulcerative p..

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proc·ti·tis präk-'tīt-əs n inflammation of the anus and rectum

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n.
inflammation of the rectum. Symptoms are ineffectual straining to empty the bowels (tenesmus), diarrhoea, and often bleeding. Proctitis is invariably present in ulcerative colitis and sometimes in Crohn's disease, but may occur independently (idiopathic proctitis). Rarer causes include damage by irradiation (for example in radiation therapy for cervical cancer), by lymphogranuloma venereum, or after a colostomy has rendered the rectum nonfunctional (disuse proctitis).

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proc·ti·tis (prok-tiґtis) [proct- + -itis] inflammation of the rectum.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • proctitis — f. anat. patol. Inflamación que se produce en el recto, ya sea a causa de una infección o de una irritación de carácter sanguíneo, como las hemorroides. Generalmente, produce defecación dolorosa, sanguinolenta o diarreica. También se denomina… …   Diccionario médico

  • Proctitis — Proc*ti tis, n. [NL., from Gr. ? anus + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the rectum. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Proctitis — Infobox Disease Name = Proctitis Caption = DiseasesDB = 25171 ICD10 = ICD10|K|51|2|k|50, ICD10|K|62|7|k|55, ICD10|K|62|8|k|55 ICD9 = ICD9|098.7, ICD9|556.2, ICD9|569.49 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001139 eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 487 …   Wikipedia

  • proctitis — n. inflammation of the rectum. Symptoms are ineffectual straining to empty the bowels (tenesmus), diarrhoea, and often bleeding. Proctitis is invariably present in ulcerative colitis and sometimes in Crohn s disease, but may occur independently… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • proctitis — /prok tuy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the rectum and anus. [PROCT + ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology       acute inflammatory infection of the anus and rectum. The most common cause of proctitis is the direct inoculation of pathogenic microorganisms… …   Universalium

  • proctitis — noun An inflammation of the anus and the lining of the rectum. See Also: proctology, proctologist …   Wiktionary

  • proctitis — ► femenino MEDICINA Inflamación del recto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • proctitis — n. inflammation of the rectum and anus (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • proctitis — [prɒk tʌɪtɪs] noun Medicine inflammation of the rectum and anus. Origin C19: from Gk prōktos anus + itis …   English new terms dictionary

  • proctitis — proc·ti·tis …   English syllables

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