Proximal (anatomic orientation)
Toward the beginning, as opposed to distal. The tongue is proximal to the esophagus, which is proximal to the stomach. The shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The proximal end of a hair is below the skin surface. For a more complete listing of terms used in medicine for spatial orientation, please see the entry "Anatomic Orientation Terms."

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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