Pterygium
A winglike triangular membrane. Although a pterygium can be anywhere, including behind the knee, it commonly refers to a winglet of the conjunctiva. This pterygium may extend across the white of the eye toward the inner corner of the eye. It is caused by prolonged exposure of the eyes to wind and weather, or can be an inherited disorder caused by a single gene.
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1. A triangular patch of hypertrophied bulbar subconjunctival tissue, extending from the medial canthus to the border of the cornea or beyond, with apex pointing toward the pupil. SYN: web eye. 2. Forward growth of the cuticle over the nail plate, seen most commonly in lichen planus. SYN: p. unguis. 3. An abnormal skin web. [G. pterygion, anything like a wing, a disease of the eye, dim. of pteryx, wing]
- p. colli a congenital, usually bilateral, web or tight band of skin of the neck extending from the acromion to the mastoid seen in Turner's syndrome and Noonan syndrome.
- p. unguis SYN: p. (2).

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pte·ryg·i·um te-'rij-ē-əm n, pl -iums or -ia -ē-ə
1) a triangular fleshy mass of thickened conjunctiva occurring usu. at the inner side of the eyeball, covering part of the cornea, and causing a disturbance of vision
2) a forward growth of the cuticle over the nail

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n.
a triangular overgrowth of the cornea, usually the inner side, by thickened and degenerative conjunctiva. It is most commonly seen in people from dry hot dusty climates, and only rarely interferes with vision.

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pte·ryg·i·um (tə-rijґe-əm) pl. pteryґgia [Gr. pterygion wing] 1. a winglike structure. 2. especially, an abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea; it is immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera in its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base.

Pterygia of both the lateral and medial canthi.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pterygium — (Flügelfell), aus dem altgriechischen πτέρυξ / pteryx = Fluegel, bezeichnet in der Medizin eine erworbene oder angeborene Besonderheit, die sich durch die Bildung von flughautähnlichen Haut oder Schleimhautfalten an diversen Körperstellen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pterygium — refers to any winglike triangular membrane occurring in the neck, eyes, knees, elbows, ankles or digits.cite journal |author=Parikh SN, Crawford AH, Do TT, Roy DR |title=Popliteal pterygium syndrome: implications for orthopaedic management… …   Wikipedia

  • Pterygium — Pte*ryg i*um, n.; pl. E. {Pterygiums}, L. {Pterygia}. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, properly a dim, akin to ? a feather.] (Med.) A superficial growth of vascular tissue radiating in a fanlike manner from the cornea over the surface of the eye. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pterygĭum — (v. gr.), 1) so v.w. Flügelfell; 2) so v.w. Nagelgeschwür; 3) Hautauswuchs aus den Nägeln der Finger u. Zehen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pterygĭum — (griech. lat.), das Augenfell (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pterygium — Pterygĭum (grch.), s.v.w. Flügelfell (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • pterygium — [tə rij′ē əm] n. pl. pterygiums or pterygia [tə rij′ēə] [ModL < Gr pterygion, dim. of pteryx, wing, akin to pteron, FEATHER] an abnormal, triangular mass of mucous membrane growing over the human cornea from the inner corner of the eye… …   English World dictionary

  • Pterygium — Pte|ry|gi|um 〈n.; s, gia〉 = Flügelfell [<grch. pteron „Flügel“] * * * Pterygium   [zu griechisch ptéryx, ptérygos »Feder«, »Flügel«] das, s/...gia,    1) Medizin: das Flügelfell.    2) Zoologie: Bezeichnung für flächige Strukturen bei Tieren,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pterygium — Pte|ry|gi|um das; s, ...ia <über gleichbed. (n)lat. pterygium aus gr. pterýgion, eigtl. »kleiner Flügel«, Verkleinerungsform von ptéryx, Gen. ptérygos »Feder; Flügel«>: 1. dreieckige Bindehautwucherung, die sich über die Hornhaut schiebt… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • pterygium — noun (plural pterygia; also iums) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek pterygion little wing, from pteryx Date: 1657 a fleshy mass of thickened conjunctiva that grows over part of the cornea usually from the inner side of the eyeball and causes a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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