Regurgitation
A backward flowing. For example, of food. Or the sloshing of blood back into the heart (or between chambers of the heart) when a heart valve is incompetent and does not close effectively.
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1. A backward flow, as of blood through an incompetent valve of the heart. 2. The return of gas or small amounts of food from the stomach. [L. regurgitatio (see regurgitate)]
- aortic r. reflux of blood through an incompetent aortic valve into the left ventricle during ventricular diastole. SYN: Corrigan disease.
- ischemic mitral r. a r. of the mitral valve caused by ischemic heart disease.
- mitral r. reflux of blood through an incompetent mitral valve.
- pulmonic r. incompetence of the pulmonic valve permitting retrograde flow.
- valvular r. a leaky state of one or more of the cardiac valves, the valve not closing tightly and blood therefore regurgitating through it. SYN: valvular incompetence, valvular insufficiency.

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re·gur·gi·ta·tion (.)rē-.gər-jə-'tā-shən n an act of regurgitating esp the backward flow of blood through a defective heart valve see AORTIC REGURGITATION

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n.
1. the bringing up of undigested material from the stomach to the mouth (see vomiting).
2. the flowing back of a liquid in a direction opposite to the normal one, as when blood surges back through a defective valve in the heart after the heart has contracted.

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re·gur·gi·ta·tion (re-gur″jĭ-taґshən) [re- + L. gurgitare to flood] 1. flow in the opposite direction from normal, as the backward flowing of blood into the heart or between heart chambers. See also reflux. 2. movement of undigested or partially digested food upward through the esophagus; see also vomiting and rumination.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • régurgitation — [ regyrʒitasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XVIe; de régurgiter ♦ Didact. Retour des aliments de l estomac ou de l œsophage dans la bouche, sans effort de vomissement. ⇒ mérycisme, rumination . ♢ Méd. Reflux du sang de l aorte, de l artère pulmonaire vers le cœur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Regurgitation — Régurgitation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. En physiologie animale, la régurgitation (du latin gurges gorge) désigne le phénomène du retour à la bouche du contenu de l estomac ou de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Regurgitation — or Regurgitate can refer to: * Regurgitation (digestion) * Vomiting * Regurgitation (circulation) * Regurgitate (band), a goregrind band …   Wikipedia

  • Regurgitation — Re*gur gi*ta tion ( t? sh?n), n. [Cf. F. r[ e]gurgitation.] 1. The act of flowing or pouring back by the orifice of entrance; specifically (Med.), the reversal of the natural direction in which the current or contents flow through a tube or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • regurgitation — c.1600, from M.L. regurgitationem, noun of action from regurgitare to overflow, from L.L. re back + gurgitare engulf, flood (found in L. ingurgitare to pour in ), from gurges whirlpool, gorge, abyss. Meaning to vomit first attested 1753 …   Etymology dictionary

  • regurgitation — [ri gʉr΄jə tā′shən] n. [ML regurgitatio] a regurgitating; specif., a) the return of partly digested food from the stomach to the mouth, as in a ruminant animal b) a backward flow of blood due to the imperfect closure of a heart valve …   English World dictionary

  • Regurgitation — Die Regurgitation (lat. re, zurück; gurges, Schlund) ist ein Vorgang, bei dem der Inhalt von Hohlorganen (etwa der Speisebrei in Magen und Speiseröhre, oder das Blut im Herzen) nicht den üblicherweise vorgesehenen Weg nimmt, sondern zurück in die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Régurgitation — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. En physiologie animale, la régurgitation (du latin gurges gorge) désigne le phénomène du retour à la bouche du contenu de l estomac ou de l œsophage. De… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • régurgitation — (ré gur ji ta sion) s. f. 1°   Action par laquelle un conduit ou un réservoir se débarrasse des matières qui y sont amoncelées et qui refluent par son ouverture. 2°   Terme de médecine. Vomiturition naturelle et nullement pénible par laquelle l… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • regurgitation — n. 1) the bringing up of undigested material from the stomach to the mouth (see vomiting). 2) the flowing back of a liquid in a direction opposite to the normal one, as when blood surges back through a defective valve in the heart after the heart …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • regurgitation — /ri gerr ji tay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of regurgitating. 2. voluntary or involuntary return of partly digested food from the stomach to the mouth. 3. Pathol. the reflux of blood through defective heart valves. [1595 1605; < ML regurgitation (s.… …   Universalium

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