Renal cancer
Malignancy of the kidney, the organ that is primarily responsible for the removal of metabolic waste products from the body. The types of kidney cancer in adults and children are different and distinct: {{}}Adults — Kidney cancer tends to occur after age 50 and strikes men twice as often as women. The most common type occurs in the renal (kidney) tissue that filters the blood and produces the urine and is called renal cell cancer (or renal cell carcinoma). Another type of adult kidney tumor arises in the renal pelvis where the urine collects and is called transitional cell carcinoma. The most frequent diagnostic sign of kidney cancer in adults is blood in the urine. Children — Far and away the main type of kidney cancer in children is Wilms tumor. It starts to develop in fetal life and may be large by the time it is detected (on the average at 3 years of age). Wilms tumor is associated with certain congenital defects including urinary tract abnormalities, absence of the iris (aniridia) and hemihypertrophy (enlargement of one side of the body), and shows an increased incidence among siblings and twins. The tumor tends to cause a noticeable mass and sometimes pain in the abdomen. Blood in the urine occurs in a minority of cases. Kidney cancer is treated with surgery, embolization, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy, or chemotherapy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Advances in Renal Cancer — Seit 2008 verleihen Bayer HealthCare und die Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) alljährlich den europäischen Journalistenpreis „Advances in Renal Cancer“. Die mit 7.500 Euro dotierte Auszeichnung würdigt Arbeiten, in denen sich Journalisten kritisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cáncer renal — m. oncol. Adenocarcinoma de células claras que se desarrolla a partir del tejido epitelial renal. Las manifestaciones más habituales son el dolor lumbar, hematuria, hipertensión y en ocasiones fiebre. El tabaco y el mal uso de ciertos… …   Diccionario médico

  • renal cell cancer — The most common type of kidney cancer. It begins in the lining of the renal tubules in the kidney. The renal tubules filter the blood and produce urine. Also called hypernephroma …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • renal failure — A condition in which the kidneys stop working and are not able to remove waste and extra water from the blood or keep body chemicals in balance. Acute or severe renal failure happens suddenly (for example, after an injury) and may be treated and… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • renal artery — The main blood vessel that supplies blood to a kidney and its nearby adrenal gland and ureter. There is a renal artery for each kidney …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • renal collecting tubule — The last part of a long, twisting tube that collects urine from the nephrons (cellular structures in the kidney that filter blood and form urine) and moves it into the renal pelvis and ureters. Also called collecting duct …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Renal cell carcinoma — For other uses, see RCC (disambiguation). Main article: Kidney cancer Renal cell carcinoma Classification and external resources Micrograph of the most common t …   Wikipedia

  • Cancer vaccine — The term cancer vaccine refers to a vaccine that either prevents infections with cancer causing viruses, treats existing cancer or prevents the development of cancer in certain high risk individuals. (The ones that treat existing cancer are known …   Wikipedia

  • Cancer Du Rein — CIM 10 : C64 Le cancer du rein ou carcinome à cellules rénales est un cancer relativement rare, se développant à partir des cellules rénales. Sommaire 1 Épidémiologie 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cáncer de pulmón — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cáncer de pulmón Clasificación y recursos externos Aviso médico …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”