Reproductive cells
The eggs and sperm are the reproductive cells. Each mature reproductive cell is haploid in that it has a single set of 23 chromosomes containing half the usual amount of DNA. Except for the eggs and sperm, each cell in the human body — there are 100 trillion cells in each of us — contains the entire human genome, all the genetic information necessary to build a human being, and this information is encoded within the cell nucleus in 6 billion base pairs, subunits of DNA, packaged in 23 pairs of chromosomes, one chromosome in each pair coming from each parent. The reproductive cells — the eggs and sperm — are thus notable exceptions to the usual rules concerning chromosomes, genes, and DNA.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • reproductive cells — reproductive cells. См. зародышевые клетки. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • reproductive system, animal — Introduction       any of the organ systems by which animals reproduce.       The role of reproduction is to provide for the continued existence of a species; it is the process by which living organisms duplicate themselves. Animals compete with… …   Universalium

  • reproductive system, plant — Introduction       any of the systems, sexual or asexual, by which plants reproduce. In plants, as in animals, the end result of reproduction is the continuation of a given species, and the ability to reproduce is, therefore, rather conservative …   Universalium

  • reproductive behaviour — In animals, any activity directed toward perpetuation of a species. Sexual reproduction, the most common mode, occurs when a female s egg is fertilized by a male s sperm. The resulting unique combination of genes produces genetic variety that… …   Universalium

  • Cells, reproductive — The eggs and sperm are the reproductive cells. Each mature reproductive cell is haploid in that it has a single set of 23 chromosomes containing half the usual amount of DNA. Except for the eggs and sperm, each cell in the human body there are… …   Medical dictionary

  • Cells, germ — The eggs and sperm are the germ cells: the reproductive cells. Each mature germ cell is haploid in that it has a single set of 23 chromosomes containing half the usual amount of DNA and half the usual number of genes. Except for the eggs and… …   Medical dictionary

  • reproductive system, human — Organ system by which humans reproduce. In females, the ovaries sit near the openings of the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. The cervix extends from the lower end of the uterus into the vagina, whose opening, as… …   Universalium

  • Reproductive system — The reproductive system is a system of organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of reproduction. Many non living substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromones are also important accessories to the reproductive system. [ …   Wikipedia

  • reproductive system disease — Introduction       any of the diseases and disorders that affect the human reproductive system (reproductive system, human). They include abnormal hormone production by the ovaries or the testes or by other endocrine glands, such as the pituitary …   Universalium

  • Reproductive organs, female — The internal genital structures of the female include the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb) and the vagina. The ovaries or egg sacs are a pair of female reproductive organs located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each …   Medical dictionary

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