Aspirin
A good example of a tradename that entered into the language, Aspirin was once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid. The first use of what became known as aspirin was by the Greek physician Hippocrates, who used powder extracted from the bark of a willow tree to treat pain and reduce fever. The bark contained salicin, a component of acetylsalicylic acid. Salicin was successfully isolated from willow bark in 1829 but it often irritated the stomach. Two years after a young Bayer researcher, Felix Hoffman, synthesized acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer registered the trademark "aspirin" on March 6, 1899. One hundred years later to the day, Bayer celebrated this event by turning its company headquarters into the world's largest pillbox. With over 200,000 square feet of cloth, hung from scaffolding by 50 mountain climbers, Bayer transformed its 400- foot tall building into one very large Bayer aspirin carton.
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A widely used analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory agent; also used as an antiplatelet agent. SYN: acetylsalicylic acid.

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as·pi·rin 'as-p(ə-)rən n, pl aspirin or aspirins
1) a white crystalline derivative C9H8O4 of salicylic acid used for relief of pain and fever
2) a tablet of aspirin

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n.
a widely used drug that relieves pain and also reduces inflammation and fever. It is taken by mouth - alone or in combination with other analgesics - for the relief of the less severe types of pain, such as headache, toothache, neuralgias, and the pain of rheumatoid arthritis. It is also taken to reduce fever in influenza and the common cold. Daily doses of aspirin are used in the prevention of coronary thrombosis and strokes in those at risk, and it has been shown to have a protective effect against a range of other conditions, including cataracts, colorectal cancer, and Behçet's syndrome. Aspirin works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandin; it may irritate the lining of the stomach, causing nausea, vomiting, pain, and bleeding. Tablets should not be held on the gum adjacent to a painful tooth as ulceration may occur. High doses cause dizziness, disturbed hearing, mental confusion, and overbreathing (see salicylism). Aspirin has been implicated as a cause of Reye's syndrome and should therefore not be given to children below the age of 12 unless specifically indicated. See also analgesic.

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as·pi·rin (asґpĭ-rin) [USP] acetylsalicylic acid, a drug having antiinflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects; it is the prototype of the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs whose mechanism of action is inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis; used for relief of pain, fever, and inflammation and for treatment of arthritis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatic fever. Because it is a platelet inhibitor, it is also used to reduce the risk of recurrent transient ischemic attacks, stroke syndrome, thromboembolism following certain surgical procedures, and initial or recurrent myocardial infarction. Administered orally or rectally.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • aspirin — aspìrīn m <G aspirína> DEFINICIJA 1. (Aspirin) farm. lijek u obliku praška ili tablete, po kemijskom sastavu acetilsalicilna kiselina, bijeli kristalni prah C6H4 (OCOCH3)COOH, teško topljiv u vodi 2. razg. svaki lijek slična izgleda i… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Aspirin — 아스피린 (Aspirin) Type Shōnen Genre aventure, comédie Manhwa Auteur Kim Eun jeong Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aspìrīn — m 〈G aspirína〉 1. {{001f}}(Aspirin) farm. lijek u obliku praška ili tablete, po kemijskom sastavu acetilsalicilna kiselina, bijeli kristalni prah teško topljiv u vodi 2. {{001f}}razg. svaki lijek slična izgleda i namjene [popiti ∼; uzeti ∼] ✧… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Aspirin — er et indregistreret varemærke, som blev lanceret i 1899 af det tyske medicinalfirma Bayer. Aspirin er sammensat af: a for acetyl, spir for spiræasyre (salicylsyre) og in en almindelig kemisk endelse …   Danske encyklopædi

  • aspirin — coined 1899 (H. Dresser) in German as a trademark name, from Gk. a without + L. Spiraea (ulmaria) meadow sweet, the plant in whose flowers or leaves the processed acid in the medicine is found naturally, + chemical ending in (see INE (Cf. ine)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • aspirin — [as′pə rin΄, as′prin΄] n. [Ger < Gr a , without + ModL Spiraea, SPIREA + IN1: so named (1899) by H. Dreser, Ger chemist, because compounded without use of spirea (in which the natural acid is found)] 1. a white, crystalline powder,… …   English World dictionary

  • Aspirin — As pi*rin, n. (Pharm.) A white crystalline compound, acetyl salicylic acid ({CH3.CO.O.C6H4.CO.OH}) widely used as a drug for relief of pain and alleviation of fever. It has analgesic, antipyretic, and antiinflammatory properties, and is one of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aspirīn — (Acetylsalizylsäure) C9H8O4 oder CH3CO.O.C6H4.CO2H, kleine, weiße Kristallnadeln, schmeckt schwach säuerlich, löst sich schwer in kaltem, leicht in heißem Wasser und in Alkohol, schmilzt bei 128° und wird durch Kochen mit Natronlauge in seine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aspirin — Aspirīn, Salizylessigsäureester, bei Gelenk und Muskelrheumatismus, auch gegen Kopfschmerz angewendet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aspirin — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • aspirin — ► NOUN (pl. same or aspirins) ▪ a medicine used in tablet form to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation. ORIGIN from the chemical name, acetylated salicylic acid …   English terms dictionary

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