Scrub typhus
A mite-borne infectious disease caused by a microorganism, Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, characteristically with fever, headache, a raised (macular) rash, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy) and a dark crusted ulcer (called an eschar or tache noire) at the site of the chigger (mite larva) bite. This disease occurs in the area bounded by Japan, India, and Australia. Known also as Tsutsugamushi disease, mite-borne typhus, and tropical typhus.

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a disease, widely distributed in SE Asia, caused by the parasitic microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi and transmitted to humans through the bite of mites. Only larval mites of the genus Trombicula are involved as vectors. Symptoms include headache, chills, high temperature (104°F), a red rash over most of the body, a cough, and delirium. A small ulcer forms at the site of the bite. Scrub typhus is treated with tetracycline and other broad-spectrum antibiotics. See also rickettsiae, typhus.

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an acute infectious disease resembling epidemic typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi and transmitted by the bite of infected mite larvae (chiggers) of the species Trombicula. It occurs chiefly in Asia and the southern and western Pacific, and is characterized by a pathognomonic primary cutaneous lesion or eschar (tache noire) at the site of inoculation, with regional lymphadenopathy, fever, and a maculopapular rash. Called also island, Japanese flood, Japanese river, or tsutsugamushi fever; and mite-borne or tropical t., as well as by many local names.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scrub typhus — n. a disease of the Asiatic Pacific area, transmitted to humans by the bite of the larva of a mite (esp. Trombicula akamushi) and caused by a rickettsia ( Rickettsia tsutsugamushi): it is characterized by fever and a rash …   English World dictionary

  • Scrub typhus — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = Orientia tsutsugamushi DiseasesDB = 31715 ICD10 = ICD10|A|75|3|a|75 ICD9 = ICD9|081.2 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = derm eMedicineTopic = 841 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|ped|2710 | MeshID =… …   Wikipedia

  • scrub typhus — Pathol. an infectious disease occurring chiefly in Japan and the East Indies, caused by the organism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, transmitted by mites through biting. Also called Japanese river fever, tsutsugamushi disease. [1925 30] * * * also… …   Universalium

  • scrub typhus — tsutsugamushi disease a disease, widely distributed in SE Asia, caused by the parasitic microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi and transmitted to humans through the bite of mites. Only larval mites of the genus Trombicula are involved as vectors …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • scrub typhus — scrub′ ty′phus n. pat an infectious disease occurring chiefly in Japan and SE Asia, caused by the organism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, transmitted by mites through biting …   From formal English to slang

  • scrub typhus — noun Date: 1929 an acute febrile bacterial disease that is caused by a rickettsia (Orientia tsutsugamushi syn. Rickettsia tsutsugamushi) transmitted by mite larvae, resembles typhus transmitted by lice, and is widespread in the western Pacific… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • scrub typhus — /skrʌb ˈtaɪfəs/ (say skrub tuyfuhs) noun → typhus …   Australian English dictionary

  • scrub typhus — noun a rickettsial disease transmitted to humans by mites and found in parts of east Asia …   English new terms dictionary

  • scrub typhus — noun transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia • Syn: ↑tsutsugamushi disease • Hypernyms: ↑rickettsial disease, ↑rickettsiosis …   Useful english dictionary

  • Тиф Кустарниковый (Scrub Typhus), Болезнь Цуцугамуши (Tsutsugamushi Disease) — широко распространенное в северо восточной части Азии заболевание, вызываемое паразитическим микроорганизмом вида Rickettsia tsutsugamushi; передается человеку через укусы клещей. Переносчиками данного заболевания являются личинки клещей рода… …   Медицинские термины

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