Somatotropin
Growth hormone, a polypeptide containing 191 amino acids, produced by the anterior pituitary, the front section of the pituitary gland. It acts by stimulating the release of another hormone called somatomedin by the liver, thereby causing growth. Somatotropin is also known as somatropin. Somatotropin is given to children with pituitary dwarfism (short stature due to underfunction of the anterior pituitary) to help them grow.
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A protein hormone of the anterior lobe of the pituitary, produced by the acidophil cells, that promotes body growth, fat mobilization, and inhibition of glucose utilization; diabetogenic when present in excess; a deficiency of s. is associated with a number of types of dwarfism (type III is an X-linked disorder). SYN: growth hormone, pituitary growth hormone, somatotropic hormone. [for somatotrophin, fr. somato- + G. trophe nourishment; corrupted to -tropin and reanalyzed as fr. G. trope, a turning]

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so·ma·to·tro·pin -'trō-pən also so·ma·to·tro·phin -fən n GROWTH HORMONE

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so·ma·to·tro·pin (soґmə-to-tro″pin) growth hormone.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Somatotropin — Vorhandene Strukturdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • somatotropin — somatotropin. См. соматотропный гормон. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • somatotropin — somatotropin. = growth hormone (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Somatotropin — Somatotropin, somatotropes Hormon, STH, Wachstumshormon, Wachstum, Entwicklung und Stoffwechsel förderndes Hormon der Adenohypophyse. Es bewirkt eine Zellvergrößerung und eine Zunahme der Mitosenanzahl. Seine Stoffwechseleffekte ähneln z.T. denen …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • somatotropin — somatotròpīn m <G somatotropína> DEFINICIJA fiziol. hormon prednjeg dijela hipofize; potiče rast tijela jednako djelujući na sve stanice organizma ETIMOLOGIJA somato + trop + in …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • somatotropin — [sə mat΄ə trō′fən, sō΄mə tətrō′fənsə mat΄ə trō′pən, sō΄mə tətrōp′ən] n. GROWTH HORMONE (sense 1): also somatotrophin [sə mat΄ə trō′fən, sō΄mə tətrō′fən] …   English World dictionary

  • Somatotropin — Wachstumshormon * * * So|ma|to|tro|pin [↑ Somato u. ↑ tropin], das; s, e; Syn.: somatotropes Hormon (STH), (humanes) Wachstumshormon (GH, hGH), (als Freiname:) Somatropin: in der Hypophyse gebildetes u. gentechnologisch herstellbares Peptid… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • somatotropin — also somatotrophin noun Etymology: somatotropic + 1 in Date: 1941 growth hormone 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • somatotropin — (= growth hormone) Hormone (191 amino acids) released by anterior pituitary that stimulates release of somatomedin, thereby causing growth …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • somatotropin — /seuh mat euh troh pin, soh meuh teuh /, n. Biochem. a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, that stimulates growth in humans. Also called somatotrophic hormone /seuh mat euh trof ik, troh fik, soh meuh teuh , seuh mat euh , soh meuh… …   Universalium

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