Specific-pathogen free
A term applied to animals reared for use in laboratory experiments when the animals are known to be free of germs that can cause disease (pathogenic microorganisms).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Specific Pathogen Free — is a term used for laboratory animals that are guaranteed free of particular pathogens. It is always accompanied by a list of the absent pathogens. Use of SPF animals ensures that specified diseases do not interfere with an experiment. For… …   Wikipedia

  • Specific Pathogen Free — Spezifiziert oder spezifisch pathogen frei (SPF) (engl.: specific pathogen free) ist ein Begriff, der aus der Versuchstierhaltung kommt und bedeutet, dass bestimmte Krankheitserreger (Pathogene) wie Bakterien, Pilze und Viren in dieser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Specific Pathogene Free — Spezifiziert oder spezifisch pathogen frei (SPF) [engl.: specific pathogen free] ist ein Begriff, der aus der Versuchstierhaltung kommt und bedeutet, dass bestimmte Krankheitserreger (Pathogene) wie Bakterien, Pilze und Viren in dieser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pathogen-associated molecular pattern — Pathogen associated molecular patterns, or PAMPs, are molecules associated with groups of pathogens, that are recognized by cells of the innate immune system. These molecules can be referred to as small molecular motifs conserved within a class… …   Wikipedia

  • SPF — (= specific pathogen free) Animals that have been raised in carefully controlled conditions so that they are not infected with any known pathogens. May require that they are delivered by Caesarean section and raised in strict quarantine …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Fish farming — Intensive koi aquaculture facility in Israel Fish farming is the principal form of aquaculture, while other methods may fall under mariculture. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food. A facility… …   Wikipedia

  • Taura syndrome — Taxobox virus group = iv familia = Discistroviridae species = Taura syndrome virus The controversyTaura syndrome (TS) was first described in Ecuador during the summer of 1992. In March 1993, it returned as a major epidemic and was the object of… …   Wikipedia

  • Individually Ventilated Cages — In laboratory animal husbandry, there is a huge demand for animals that have been kept in disease free conditions and housed in barrier units such as Individually Ventilated Cages (IVCs). This is very important because when animals are used for… …   Wikipedia

  • SPF — Abbreviation for sun protection factor. * * * skin protection factor; specific pathogen free; spectrophotofluorometer; S phase fraction; split products of fibrin; standard perfusion fluid; Stuart Prower factor; sun protection factor; systemic… …   Medical dictionary

  • Shrimp farm — This article is about the farming of marine (saltwater) shrimp. For farming of fresh water species, see freshwater prawn farming. A shrimp farm is an aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimp or prawnsfn|a for human consumption.… …   Wikipedia

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