Spina bifida cystica
A bony defect in the vertebral column that causes a cleft in that column. The meningeal membranes that cover the spinal cord and part of the spinal cord protrude through this cleft, and are clearly visible. The opening can be surgically repaired, usually shortly after birth. Some children will also need treatment for related problems, such as hydrocephalus. Also known as meningomyelocele.

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spina bifida in which there is protrusion through the defective vertebral arch of a cystic swelling involving the meninges (meningocele), spinal cord (myelocele), or both (meningomyelocele).

(A), Spina bifida cystica with meningocele resulting from absence of the laminae of the vertebral arch; characterized by protrusion of the meninges. (B), Spina bifida cystica with myelocele resulting from absence of the vertebral arch; characterized by myeloschisis and protrusion of the defective spinal cord. (C), Spina bifida occulta; characterized by failure of fusion of the laminae of the vertebral arch.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • SPINA BIFIDA — (дословно ■ расщепленный позвоночник), объединяющее название для врожденных аномалий, характеризующихся неполным закрытием позвоночного канала и порочным развитием спинного мозга или его оболочек. Название дано Тульпиусом (Tulpius) в 1641 г …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

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  • Spina bifida — A birth defect (a congenital malformation) in which there is a bony defect in the vertebral column so that part of the spinal cord, which is normally protected within the vertebral column, is exposed. People with spina bifida can suffer from… …   Medical dictionary

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  • Meningocele (MM) — Protrusion of the membranes that cover the spine and part of the spinal cord through a bone defect in the vertebral column. MM is due to failure of closure during embryonic life of bottom end of the neural tube, the structure which gives rise to… …   Medical dictionary

  • rachischisis — 1. Embryologic failure of fusion of vertebral arches and neural tube with consequent exposure of neural tissue at the surface; spina bifida cystica with myelocele or myeloschisis …   Medical dictionary

  • СПИНЕЛЛИ — (Pier Giuseppe Spinelli, 1862 1929), видный итальянский гинеколог, блестящий хирург, один из пионеров оперативной гинекологии, б. ассистент известного Морисани. Медицинское образование Сгошелли получил спинной мозг в Неаполе, где с 1900 г. и до… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

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