Spur, heel
A bony spur projecting from the back or underside of the heel that often makes walking painful. Spurs at the back of the heel are associated with inflammation of the Achilles tendon (Achilles tendinitis) and cause tenderness and pain at the back of the heel that is made worse by pushing off the ball of the foot. Spurs under the sole (plantar area) are associated with inflammation of the plantar fascia (the "bowstring-like" tissue stretching from the heel underneath the sole) and cause localized tenderness and pain made worse by stepping down on the heel. Not all heel spurs cause symptoms. Some are discovered on X-rays taken for other purposes. Heel spurs and plantar fasciitis can occur alone or be related to underlying diseases which cause arthritis (inflammation of the joints) such as Reiter's disease, ankylosing spondylitis, and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Treatment is designed to decrease the inflammation and avoid reinjury. Icing reduces pain and inflammation. Antiinflammatory agents (such as ibuprofen or injections of cortisone) can help. Heel lifts reduce stress on the Achilles tendon and relieve painful spurs at the back of the heel. Donut-shaped shoe inserts take pressure off plantar spurs. Infrequently surgery is done on chronically inflamed spurs.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spur — Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spur fowl — Spur Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spur gear — Spur Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spur gearing — Spur Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spur pepper — Spur Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spur wheel — Spur Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spur — [spʉr] n. [ME spure < OE spura, akin to Ger sporn < IE base * sp(h)er , to jerk, push with the foot > SPURN, Sans sphurāti, (he) kicks away, L spernere, lit., to push away] 1. any of various pointed devices worn on the heel by the rider… …   English World dictionary

  • spur — ► NOUN 1) a device with a small spike or a spiked wheel, worn on a rider s heel for urging a horse forward. 2) an incentive. 3) a projection from a mountain or mountain range. 4) Botany a slender tubular projection from the base of a flower. 5) a …   English terms dictionary

  • Spur — A spur is a metal tool designed to be worn in pairs on the heels of riding boots for the purpose of directing a horse to move forward or laterally while riding. It is usually used to refine the riding aids (commands) and to back up the natural… …   Wikipedia

  • Spur (disambiguation) — A spur is a metal instrument fastened to the heel of a horseman.Spur may also refer to:* Spur, a sharp horny growth on the leg of some animals, especially roosters, male pheasants and other male birds of the Galliformes; also male platypuses have …   Wikipedia

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