Stem cell transplantation
The use of stem cells as a treatment for cancer or other diseases: {{}}The stem cells are removed (or obtained) from a donor. Before a transplant is done for cancer, the patient receives high-dose chemotherapy and/or radiation to destroy the malignant cells. The stem cells are then given to the patient in whom they can produce new blood and immune cells and replace the cells destroyed by the treatment. The stem-cell preparation is infused into a vein and, once in the bloodstream, the stem cells act like homing pigeons and head straight for the bone marrow space.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stem cell transplantation — Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or bone marrow transplantation is a medical procedure in the field of hematology and oncology that involves transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). It is most often performed for people… …   Wikipedia

  • stem cell transplantation — A method of replacing immature blood forming cells that were destroyed by cancer treatment. The stem cells are given to the person after treatment to help the bone marrow recover and continue producing healthy blood cells …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation — HSCT redirects here. For the supersonic aircraft, see High Speed Civil Transport. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Intervention ICD 9 CM 41.0 MeSH …   Wikipedia

  • Peripheral stem cell transplantation — is a method of replacing blood forming cells destroyed by cancer treatment. Immature blood cells (stem cells) in the circulating blood that are similar to those in the bone marrow are given to the patient after treatment. This helps the bone… …   Wikipedia

  • Allogeneic stem cell transplantation — is a procedure in which a person receives blood forming stem cells (cells from which all blood cells develop) from a genetically similar, but not identical, donor. This is often a sister or brother, but could be an unrelated donor. External links …   Wikipedia

  • Autologous stem cell transplantation — is a procedure in which blood forming stem cells (cells from which all blood cells develop) are removed, stored, and later given back to the same person. External links * [http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db alpha.aspx?CdrID=270733 Autologous stem …   Wikipedia

  • Syngeneic stem cell transplantation — is a procedure in which a patient receives blood forming stem cells (cells from which all blood cells develop) donated by his or her healthy identical twin. External links * [http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db alpha.aspx?CdrID=277237 Syngeneic… …   Wikipedia

  • Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation — A new technique in which stem cells are obtained from a patient s blood and used in bone marrow transplantation. Stem cells are small, round cells with a squat nucleus and scant surrounding cytoplasm. Although unremarkable in appearance, stem… …   Medical dictionary

  • peripheral stem cell transplantation — A method of replacing blood forming cells destroyed by cancer treatment. Immature blood cells (stem cells) in the circulating blood that are similar to those in the bone marrow are given to the patient after treatment. This helps the bone marrow… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • tandem autologous stem cell transplantation — two autologous stem cell transplantations performed on the same patient within a short period of time, such as when the response is not adequate to the first one. Called also double autologous stem cell t …   Medical dictionary

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