Stokes Adams attack
Sudden collapse into unconsciousness due to a disorder of heart rhythm in which there is a slow or absent pulse resulting in syncope (fainting) with or without convulsions. In this condition, the normal heartbeat passing from the upper chambers of the heart to the lower chambers is interrupted. This results in a condition called a "heart block." When a heart block occurs, the heart rate usually slows considerably. This can cause inadequate blood flow to the brain and result in fainting. This condition goes by a baffling number of names including the Adams-Stokes, Morgagni, Morgagni-Adams-Stokes, Spens syndrome, and Stokes-Adams disease or syndrome. William Stokes (1804-1878) and Roberts Adams (1791-1875) were Irish physicians. Stokes is also remembered for Cheyne-Stokes respiration, a pattern of breathing characteristically seen in coma. Thomas Spens (1764-1842) was a Scottish physician. Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) was an Italian anatomist and pathologist. Although Adams, Stokes, and Spens did describe the syndrome (separately) in the early 19th century, the first description was, in fact, recorded in 1761 by Morgagni. All of these eponyms are now declining in use as our understanding of the disease process advances. The preferred name for the condition now is cardiovascular syncope.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stokes-Adams attack — Adams Stokes a …   Medical dictionary

  • Stokes-Adams attack syndrome (syncope) — Stokes Ad·ams attack, syndrome (syncope) (stōksґ adґəmz) [W. Stokes; Robert Adams, Irish physician, 1791–1875] see Adams Stokes attack, under attack and Adams Stokes syndrome, under syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • Stokes-Adams syndrome — Stokes Ad·ams syndrome .stōks ad əmz n fainting and convulsions induced by complete heart block with a pulse rate of 40 beats per minute or less called also Adams Stokes attack, Adams Stokes disease, Adams Stokes syndrome, Stokes Ad …   Medical dictionary

  • Adams-Stokes syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 12443 ICD10 = ICD10|I|45|9|i|30 ICD9 = ICD9|426.9 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D000219The term Stokes Adams Attack refers to a sudden, transient… …   Wikipedia

  • Adams-Stokes attack — n STOKES ADAMS SYNDROME R. Adams see STOKES ADAMS SYNDROME J. Stokes see CHEYNE STOKES RESPIRATION * * * an episode of syncope in Adams Stokes syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • Adams-Stokes attack syndrome (syncope) — Ad·ams Stokes attack, syndrome (syncope) (adґəmz stōksґ) [Robert Adams, Irish physician, 1791–1875; William Stokes, Irish physician, 1804–1878] see under attack and syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • Nick Stokes — CSI: Crime Scene Investigation character George Eads as Nick Stokes Nick Stokes City Las Vegas, Nevada Job CSI Rank …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice Stokes — No. 12 Power forward / Center Personal information Date of birth June 17, 1933(1933 06 17) Place of birth Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Nationa …   Wikipedia

  • Cardiovascular syncope — Sudden collapse into unconsciousness due to a disorder of heart rhythm in which there is a slow or absent pulse resulting in syncope (fainting) with or without convulsions. In this condition, the normal heartbeat passing from the upper chambers… …   Medical dictionary

  • Second-degree atrioventricular block — Classification and external resources ICD 10 I44.1 ICD 9 426.12 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”